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Gardiner, C. Harvey (Clinton Harvey), (1913-2000) | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Name: Gardiner, C. Harvey (Clinton Harvey), (1913-2000)

Historical Note:

C. Harvey Gardiner was born August 1, 1913 in Newport, Kentucky. in 1931, Gardiner attended the Western Teachers College in Kentucky and graduated with a Bachelors degree in History. In 1937 he began teaching High School and married his wife, Katie Mae Nelson. In 1940, he completed a Masters degree in History at the University of Kentucky while continuing to teach. He volunteered for the U.S. Navy in 1942 and was sent to the U.S. Navy Japenese Language School at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Throughout World War II, he worked as a Japanese language interpreter and translator.

While in the Navy, Gardiner completed his PhD in History from the University of Michigan. In 1946 Lieutenant Gardiner returned home from the war and began working as a professor of Latin American History at Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri. In 1956 he published his first book, Naval Power in the Conquest of Mexico. He was hired as a professor of Latin American History at Southern Illinois University Carbondale in 1957, where he remained until his reitrement in 1974.

While at SIU, Gardiner was most known for his public campaign against the Center for Vietnamese Studies. His most famous speech, which he was not able to give due to the University being shut down, was his Honors Day Address in May, 1970. In the speech, Gardiner called for the retirement of President Delyte Morris and the resignation of the Board of Trustees. Due to his outspoken criticism of the University and the Center for Vietnamese Studies, the SIU administration cited "disservice to the University," and denied him a salary increase. Gardiner filed suit in 1972 and settled in 1975.

During his teaching career, Gardiner published thirty-three books and countless articles. He also testified before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians in September, 1981. In his testimony, he described the internment of Peruvian Japanese in the United States during World War II. After retiring, Gardiner and his wife moved to Zephyrhills, Florida, where he died on March 29, 2000.

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