Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made Against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials, New York 1937 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center
The Dewey Commission (officially the "Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials") was initiated in March 1937 by the "American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky." It was named after its Chairman, John Dewey. Trotsky was defended by the lawyer Albert Goldman.
The commission cleared Trotsky of all charges made during the Moscow Trials and, moreover, exposed the scale of the frame-up of all other defendants during these trials.
The Dewey Commission was widely criticized by Stalinists and fellow travelers for purported bias. Such criticisms were also made by Carleton Beals, the only member of the Commission hostile to Trotsky, who resigned in protest during the course of the hearings.