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Caresse Crosby photograph collection


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Caresse Crosby


Harry Crosby

Oversized Photographs


Caresse Crosby photograph collection, 1890-1969 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Caresse Crosby photograph collection, 1890-1969Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: 2/1/PH 49

Primary Creator: Crosby, Caresse (1891-1970)

Extent: 11.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement: Organized into three series: (1) Caresse Crosby, (2) Friends of Caresse Crosby, and (3) Harry Crosby

Subjects: Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970., Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929., World War, 1914-1918

Forms of Material: Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970. - Photographs, Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929. - Photographs

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Caresse Crosby photograph collection comprises photographs in her personal collection at the time of her death and complements the Caresse Crosby papers, MSS 140. The collection includes images of Caresse Crosby throughout her life, her husband Harry Crosby and other family members, notable writers and artists and other friends and acquaintences, homes and travel, artwork and other illustrative material used in her publishing activities, and World War I photographs and other personal images of Harry Crosby. Crosby's connections with the literary and artistic elite beginning in the 1920s were extensive and the collection includes images of Kay Boyle, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Jean Cocteau, Hart Crane, Salvador Dali, Ernest Hemingway, Pablo Picasso, Ezra Pound, Sam Rosenberg, Angelos Sikelianos, and William Sykes among others. The bulk of the photographs are available online at the URL below.

Biographical Note

Caresse Crosby was born Mary Phelps Jacob on April 30, 1891 in New Rochelle, New York, daughter of a prominent New England family. After a brief marriage to Richard Rogers Peabody, she married Harry Crosby in 1922 and soon after moved to France. In April, 1927, they founded a publishing company soon to become The Black Sun Press. The publications included a Hindu Love Book, The Fall of the House of Usher, and letters by Harry's cousin, Henry James, to Walter Berry. Other contributors to the Black Sun Press included D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Kay Boyle, Ernest Hemingway, Hart Crane, Rene Crevel, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound among others. Caresse wrote a book of poetry, Crosses of Gold, which they also published. In 1928, Harry met Josephine Noyes Rotch with whom he had an ongoing affair. On December 10, 1929, in an apparent suicide pact, Harry and Josephine were found dead in a hotel room. After Harry Crosby's suicide, Caresse kept the Black Sun Press going. She also established, with Jacques Porel, a side venture, Crosby Continental Editions, that published paperback books by Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner and Dorothy Parker, among others. Ahead of her time, her paperback books did not sell well, and the press closed in 1933. The Black Sun Press, however, continued publishing into the 1950s. In 1936 Caresse and her new husband Selbert Saffold moved to Bowling Green, Virginia where she kept company with Salvador Dali, Henry Miller and Anaïs Nin. By 1941, having divorced Saffold, Caresse moved to Washington D.C., where she opened the city's only modern art gallery. She also started Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly, a magazine that sought to continue her work with young and avant-garde writers and artists. She published six editions before she ran out of funds and sponsors. This was her last major publishing effort. She became politically active and founded the organizations Women Against War and Citizens of the World, which embraced the concept of a "world community" which other activists like Buckminster Fuller also supported. In 1953, Caresse published her autobiography, The Passionate Years. She died in relative obscurity from complications from pneumonia in Rome on January 24, 1970, aged 78.

Subject/Index Terms

Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970.
Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929.
World War, 1914-1918

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Alternate Extent Statement: 1 oversized; 13 scrapbooks

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Related Materials: Caresse Crosby papers, MSS 140. For more information please see

Preferred Citation: [Item], Caresse Crosby photograph collection, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Other Note: Images from the Caresse Crosby photograph collection are available online at the other URL below.

Other URL:

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby],
[Series 2: Friends],
[Series 3: Harry Crosby],
[Series 4: Oversized Photographs],
[Series 5: Scrapbooks],

Series 2: FriendsAdd to your cart.
Arranged throughout the boxes and folders alphabetically.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Alastair (Hans Henning von Voight)Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Anton, Phillada, 1961Add to your cart.
Photo with unidentified man on the beach.
Folder 3: Apostol, Sam, 1958Add to your cart.
Apostol and family, home, and places.
Folder 4: Atwater, Barbara JaneAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Auric, GeorgeAdd to your cart.
Includes a portrait with Caresse, Jean Franck, and Nora Auric.
Folder 6: Austin, DarrellAdd to your cart.
Photo of oil painting "The Colt" and sketching "Girl and her pet."
Folder 7: Baczynsky, Wolodymy B., 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Bill Barker, 1949-1968Add to your cart.
Portraits and vacation photos.
Folder 9: BarrAdd to your cart.
Slides of paintings
Folder 10: Bearden, RomareAdd to your cart.
Photographs of paintings/drawings.
Folder 11: Beardsley, AubreyAdd to your cart.
Photos of drawings.
Folder 12: Barry, WalterAdd to your cart.
Harry Crosby's cousin, portraits. Including photograph with Edith Wharton and Caresse.
Folder 13: Boone, Robert, 1967Add to your cart.
Photo with man.
Folder 14: Boyle, Kay, 1931-1958Add to your cart.

Including portrait with Harry and portrait with Caresse; see also 49/1/5 (with Lawrence Vail) and 49/1/6 (with CCC, Lawrence Vail, and Caresse).

Also includes vacation photos with family and portraits.

Folder 15: Bull, Daphne (Daphne Hellman nee Bull), 1937Add to your cart.
Fishing at Hampton Manor.
Folder 16: Burnett, Whit, June 1965Add to your cart.
Photograph with Caresse.
Folder 17: Calfee, William, March 1946Add to your cart.
Photograph of marble sculpture "Deity" exhibited in Crosby Gallery, March 1946 and printed in Portfolio V, Plate IV.
Folder 18: Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1945Add to your cart.
8x10 photograph of his "Liberation of Dessau Camp, Germany, 1945" [photograph is most likely copy of a photograph, not original print from negative] (also see 12/10 for original prints).
Folder 19: Ceccarelli, Aurelio, May 1955Add to your cart.
"Three works of Art" May 1955 Rome.
Folder 20: Char, Rene, 1944-1945Add to your cart.
People and places
Folder 21: Chirico, Giorgio de, 1945Add to your cart.
Photograph of painting
Folder 22: Cliggitt, NessaAdd to your cart.
With family
Folder 23: Cocteau, JeanAdd to your cart.
(Also see 12/3) Folder is missing, may refer to object in box 12.
Folder 24: Coggshall, KateAdd to your cart.
William Chapman, Coggshall, Caresse, and an unidentified man.
Folder 25: Corso, Gregory, 1959, 1966Add to your cart.
Venice 1959 and Rocca August 1966.
Folder 26: Crane, Hart, 1929-1932Add to your cart.

Photographed by Harry Crosby at Le Moulin, 1929.

Portrait by David Alfaro Siqueiros, Taxco, 1931.

Portrait of Crane that was included in his last letter to Caresse in 1932.

Hart Crane and Caresse at Chantilly, 1929.

Folder 27: Crosby, HenriettaAdd to your cart.
Harry Crosby's mother.
Folder 28: Culler, FrankAdd to your cart.
Two photographs of rooms with no people in them.
Folder 29: Dali, Gala, 1940Add to your cart.
At Hampton Manor.
Folder 30: Salvador Dali, 1939Add to your cart.

Including "Dali enchanting the woods and pond" (performance with piano and canoe at Hampton Manor in Virginia, 1939).

Also includes portraits.

Folder 31: Degas, EdgarAdd to your cart.
Photograph of painting, "Bowing dancers."
Folder 32: Diamontopoulis, DiamantisAdd to your cart.
Photos of artwork.
Folder 33: Donati, EnricoAdd to your cart.
Photo of Donati with artwork.
Folder 34: Durst, AndreAdd to your cart.
Photos of a party
Folder 35: Elin, Winifred, 1944, 1953-1955Add to your cart.
In Sandwich, England. Photos of a home, Elin, and family.
Folder 36: Englendsen de Geetere, Mai denAdd to your cart.
Two photos at Le Moulin: one with Harry Crosby, one on mule.
Folder 37: Elytis, OdysseusAdd to your cart.
Portrait of Odysseus.
Folder 38: Fekete, Zoltah, 1960Add to your cart.
Portraits, vacation photos, and with orchestras.
Folder 39: Fite, HarveyAdd to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Forain, Jean LouisAdd to your cart.
Photographs of paintings.
Folder 2: Fortune, AnthonyAdd to your cart.
Portaits, photos of home and an unidentified woman.
Folder 3: Frobisher, Mrs.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Gabriel, FrancisAdd to your cart.
Photo of daughter, Avril-Souge.
Folder 5: Geetere, Frans de, 1927, 1948Add to your cart.
Artwork, portraits, and vacation photos in Amsterdam.
Folder 6: Ghika, TiggieAdd to your cart.
Photo of sculpture
Folder 7: Goodwin, John, 1950Add to your cart.
At southern California home
Folder 8: Gruber, FrancisAdd to your cart.
Photograph of a drawing used in Portfolio II, leaf 15.
Folder 9: Guevara, Meraud [nee Guiness]Add to your cart.
Photographs of Geuvera with others and photographs of her paintings.
Folder 10: Guggenheim, PeggyAdd to your cart.
Photograph of her in Rocca.
Folder 11: Helion, Jean, ca. 1944-1945Add to your cart.
Portrait and artwork.
Folder 12: Hemingway, Ernest, 1923Add to your cart.
Reprint of a Man Ray portrait.
Folder 13: Hinds, Leonard, 1968Add to your cart.
Portraits of Leonard and Andrew Hinds as children.
Folder 14: Horn, Taki, 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Jacob, Leonard II, 1960-1963Add to your cart.
Caresse's brother and family.
Folder 16: Jacob, Lydia, ca. 1931-1934Add to your cart.
First wife of Caresse's brother Walter "Bud" Jacob, with Caresse.
Folder 17: Jacob, Mary Phelps, 1928Add to your cart.
Caresse's mother. Photographs of Mary's house in Watertown and some of Mary.
Folder 18: Jacob, William HearnAdd to your cart.
Caresse's father. Cut-out photo of William.
Folder 19: Jacquit, Henry, 1928Add to your cart.
Photos of Henry and his wife.
Folder 20: Johnson, BuffieAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: Jolas, Eugene and Maria, 1929Add to your cart.
Photographed at Harry and Caresse Crosby's home outside Paris, France called The Mill.
Folder 22: Khan, Sy, February 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Kaiser, StuartAdd to your cart.
Unidentified child, possible Kaiser's son.
Folder 24: Kromer, TomAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: Kotas, ValafsAdd to your cart.
Photos of a sculpture
Folder 26: Lardera, Berto, 1942Add to your cart.
Photos of sculptures
Folder 27: Law, MichaelAdd to your cart.
Photo with unidentified individuals
Folder 28: Lawrence, David Herbert, 1929Add to your cart.
Includes photographs by Harry Crosby at Le Moulin.
Folder 29: Lazzari, Pietro, 1958Add to your cart.
Lazzari and his sculptures, including a bust of Caresse.
Folder 30: Lee, Canada, 1952Add to your cart.
With Bill Barker in Rome
Folder 31: Lescaret, Roger, 1945Add to your cart.

Portraits by Robert Dosineau.

(See also 2/5, Black Sun Press)

Folder 32: Viscount Lymington, Geral Vernon WallopAdd to your cart.
Folder 33: Magnus, Constance Crowninshield, 1950, 1962Add to your cart.
Vacation photos
Folder 34: Maillol, AristideAdd to your cart.
Photo of a sculpture
Folder 35: Mana, Robert, 1965Add to your cart.
With unidentified individuals in Rocca
Folder 36: Marcocci, Mario, 1931Add to your cart.
Photo of a watercolor
Folder 37: Miller, HenryAdd to your cart.
Folder is missing
Folder 38: Millsaps, David, 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 39: Moore, Harry T., 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 40: Mun, Lorraine de, 1950s-1966Add to your cart.
Caresse's granddaughter
Folder 41: Nervi, Pier LuigiAdd to your cart.
Photo of a drawing
Folder 42: Nelthropp, PollyAdd to your cart.
Photos of a home and Nelthropp with a dog
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 1: North, John, 1956, December 25, 1964Add to your cart.

With Serena at home, Christmas 1964.

With Caresse, 1956.

Folder 2: O'Grady, Desmond, 1965Add to your cart.
With Florence O'Grady and Caresse.
Folder 3: Olson, Charles, 1946, 1952Add to your cart.
Includes photos with wife and daughter.
Folder 4: Ortiz, ManoloAdd to your cart.
Vacation photos
Folder 5: Osborne, Io, 1965Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Peabody, Richard "Dick" Rogers, December 1917Add to your cart.
Caresse's first husband.
Folder 7: Peabody, Josette, 1952Add to your cart.
Caresse's daughter-in-law.
Folder 8: Peabody, Polleen de Mun North Drysdale, 1927, 1929, 1932, 1939, 1946-1947, 1954Add to your cart.
Caresse's daughter
Folder 9: Peabody, William "Bill", 1919-1921, 1923, 1931, 1951Add to your cart.
Caresse's son.
Folder 10: Peckham, Ted, 1941, 1944, 1954Add to your cart.
In Hollywood
Folder 11: Peters, TedAdd to your cart.
In Navy uniform
Folder 12: Picasso, PabloAdd to your cart.
Photo of an oil pastel
Folder 13: Polignac, Nina Melchoir de, 1930-1931Add to your cart.

With Caresse.

(See also 2/1, St. Anton)

Folder 14: Porel, Jacques, ca. 1930-1933Add to your cart.
(See also 8/13)
Folder 15: Portman, Suna (Boyle)Add to your cart.
(See also 8/23)
Folder 16: Pound, Ezra, 1921, 1965Add to your cart.
Includes photos of "Life Mask", Paris 1921.
Folder 17: Powel, Peter and Gretchen, 1918, 1928, 1941Add to your cart.

Includes portrait of Caresse, Peter, and New York postmaster, 1941.

(See also 1/6 for protrait of Caresse with Gretchen)

Folder 18: Quintanilla, LuisAdd to your cart.
Portrait and photos of a room showing artwork.
Folder 19: Raimondos, Panos, July 1964Add to your cart.
Includes photos of Raimondos sculpting.
Folder 20: Rexroth, Kenneth, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Rochefoucauld, Comte Armand de laAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: Rosenberg, SamAdd to your cart.

(See also box 12)

Folder is missing, may refer to objects in box 12.

Folder 23: Segall, Lillian, 1960-1961Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Shafik, DoriaAdd to your cart.
Folder 25: Sikelianos, Angelos, 1947Add to your cart.
Sikelianos with with wife and unidentified woman outside of a doorway on the Island of Salamis.
Folder 26: Simon, Richard Leo, ca. 1931-1934Add to your cart.
St. Anton
Folder 27: Spender, Stephen, 1951Add to your cart.
With Caresse
Folder 28: Steinert, Alec and SylviaAdd to your cart.
Wedding portrait, Harry Crosby was best man.
Folder 29: Sykes, WilliamAdd to your cart.
(See also box 12)
Folder 30: Takis, 1957, 1961Add to your cart.
Includes works by Takis and vacation photos in Venice.
Folder 31: Tal-CoatAdd to your cart.
Photos of drawing.
Folder 32: Tate, SallyAdd to your cart.
Folder 33: Tauch, EdAdd to your cart.
Photos while in the armed services.
Folder 34: Tetsis, PanaciotisAdd to your cart.
Photo of a painting.
Folder 35: Toot, AmerigoAdd to your cart.
Photos of wood carvings.
Folder 36: Valenti, LilliAdd to your cart.
In Rocca.
Folder 37: Veloudios, Thanos, May 1953, October 1965Add to your cart.
In Athens, Greece.
Folder 38: Verlaine, PaulAdd to your cart.
In a cafe.
Folder 39: Vivante, CharisAdd to your cart.
With Caresse.
Folder 40: White, EmileAdd to your cart.
"The Children's Village" photo by Toren, San Francisco.
Folder 41: Wilkins, Katherine "Kitsa"Add to your cart.
(See Crosby, formerly Choate. Harry Crosby's sister. See also Scrapbook 2)
Folder 42: Wood, JasperAdd to your cart.
Folder 43: Young, Selbert "Bert", 1936-1938, 1940Add to your cart.
Caresse's third husband.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby],
[Series 2: Friends],
[Series 3: Harry Crosby],
[Series 4: Oversized Photographs],
[Series 5: Scrapbooks],

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