Browse: Collections Digital Content Subjects Creators Record Groups

Caresse Crosby photograph collection


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Caresse Crosby


Harry Crosby

Oversized Photographs


Caresse Crosby photograph collection, 1890-1969 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Email Us Contact Us About This Collection

Collection Overview

Title: Caresse Crosby photograph collection, 1890-1969Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: 2/1/PH 49

Primary Creator: Crosby, Caresse (1891-1970)

Extent: 11.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement: Organized into three series: (1) Caresse Crosby, (2) Friends of Caresse Crosby, and (3) Harry Crosby

Subjects: Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970., Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929., World War, 1914-1918

Forms of Material: Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970. - Photographs, Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929. - Photographs

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Caresse Crosby photograph collection comprises photographs in her personal collection at the time of her death and complements the Caresse Crosby papers, MSS 140. The collection includes images of Caresse Crosby throughout her life, her husband Harry Crosby and other family members, notable writers and artists and other friends and acquaintences, homes and travel, artwork and other illustrative material used in her publishing activities, and World War I photographs and other personal images of Harry Crosby. Crosby's connections with the literary and artistic elite beginning in the 1920s were extensive and the collection includes images of Kay Boyle, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Jean Cocteau, Hart Crane, Salvador Dali, Ernest Hemingway, Pablo Picasso, Ezra Pound, Sam Rosenberg, Angelos Sikelianos, and William Sykes among others. The bulk of the photographs are available online at the URL below.

Biographical Note

Caresse Crosby was born Mary Phelps Jacob on April 30, 1891 in New Rochelle, New York, daughter of a prominent New England family. After a brief marriage to Richard Rogers Peabody, she married Harry Crosby in 1922 and soon after moved to France. In April, 1927, they founded a publishing company soon to become The Black Sun Press. The publications included a Hindu Love Book, The Fall of the House of Usher, and letters by Harry's cousin, Henry James, to Walter Berry. Other contributors to the Black Sun Press included D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Kay Boyle, Ernest Hemingway, Hart Crane, Rene Crevel, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound among others. Caresse wrote a book of poetry, Crosses of Gold, which they also published. In 1928, Harry met Josephine Noyes Rotch with whom he had an ongoing affair. On December 10, 1929, in an apparent suicide pact, Harry and Josephine were found dead in a hotel room. After Harry Crosby's suicide, Caresse kept the Black Sun Press going. She also established, with Jacques Porel, a side venture, Crosby Continental Editions, that published paperback books by Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner and Dorothy Parker, among others. Ahead of her time, her paperback books did not sell well, and the press closed in 1933. The Black Sun Press, however, continued publishing into the 1950s. In 1936 Caresse and her new husband Selbert Saffold moved to Bowling Green, Virginia where she kept company with Salvador Dali, Henry Miller and Anaïs Nin. By 1941, having divorced Saffold, Caresse moved to Washington D.C., where she opened the city's only modern art gallery. She also started Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly, a magazine that sought to continue her work with young and avant-garde writers and artists. She published six editions before she ran out of funds and sponsors. This was her last major publishing effort. She became politically active and founded the organizations Women Against War and Citizens of the World, which embraced the concept of a "world community" which other activists like Buckminster Fuller also supported. In 1953, Caresse published her autobiography, The Passionate Years. She died in relative obscurity from complications from pneumonia in Rome on January 24, 1970, aged 78.

Subject/Index Terms

Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970.
Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929.
World War, 1914-1918

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Alternate Extent Statement: 1 oversized; 13 scrapbooks

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Related Materials: Caresse Crosby papers, MSS 140. For more information please see

Preferred Citation: [Item], Caresse Crosby photograph collection, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Other Note: Images from the Caresse Crosby photograph collection are available online at the other URL below.

Other URL:

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby],
[Series 2: Friends],
[Series 3: Harry Crosby],
[Series 4: Oversized Photographs],
[Series 5: Scrapbooks],

Series 1: Caresse CrosbyAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Ancestors and Family, ca. 1890s-early 1900s.Add to your cart.
Unidentifed photos of people boating and two portraits.
Folder 2: Ancestors and Family, ca. 1892-1920.Add to your cart.
Photos of Caresse Crosby as a child and yound adult, including family members such as brothers and her mother.
Folder 3: Ancestors and Family, ca. late 1800s-early 1900sAdd to your cart.
Unidentified photographs.
Folder 4: Harry and Caresse Crosby, 1920-1930Add to your cart.

Photos of Harry and Caresse Crosby

Wedding portrait

Photocopy [from microfilm] of wedding announcement

Folder 5: Miscellaneous Photographs, 1920-1930Add to your cart.

Miscellaneous photographs including:

Kay Boyle and Laurence Vail in a car at Le Moulin

Harry's wallet photographs

Portrait of Josephine Rotch Bigelow

Folder 6: Caresse Crosby and Others, 1920-1930Add to your cart.

This folder includes:

Harry, Caresse, and Mrs. Crosby in the MIddle East (Jerusalem, Syria, and Lebanon) including Harry with "Bokhara."

Constance Crowninshield Coolidge, Laurence Vail, Kay Boyle, Hart Crane, and Caresse on the Sun Tower at Le Moulin, 1928.

Caresse, Harry, and Mrs. Crosby in St. Moritz, 1926.

Large portrait of Gretchen Powel with Caresse Crosby.

Photographs at the Bar de la Tempete.

Folder 7: Miscellaneous Unidentified Photographs, 1920-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Caresse Crosby Alone, 1920-1930Add to your cart.
Many candid photos but also portraits, including a one made by D. H. Lawrence
Folder 9: Caresse Crosby's Artwork, 1923-1925Add to your cart.
Photos of sculptures
Folder 10: Caresse Crosby Alone, 1930-1940Add to your cart.
Candid photos and portraits of Caresse including photographs by Emlen Etting of Caresse in Poem 8 (one photograph published in Vanity Fair)
Folder 11: Le Moulin Du Soleil in Ermenonville, France, 1930-1940Add to your cart.

Party scenes (most with people identified)

Photographs of building exterior

Folder 12: Hampton Manor, Bowling Green, Virginia, 1930-1940Add to your cart.

Exterior and interior views

Related people

The stable designed by Caresse

Folder 13: Caresse, Bert Young, and Others at S bar S Ranch, Virginia, Nevada, 1940Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Caresse and Others in St. Anton; Greece; South Carolina; and on board The Champlain (Paris-New York boat) with Polleen, 1930-1931, 1933, 1935-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Pets and Animals, 1929, 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Unidentified Photographs, 1931Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Virginia Beach, VA, 1941-1942Add to your cart.
Including photographs of Bill Peabody (Caresse's son)
Folder 5: Caresse Crosby and Roger Lescaret at Black Sun Press, ca. 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Miscellaneous Photographs from Washington D.C.; England; California; and Italy - Including Photographs at Rocca, ca. 1940-1960Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Caresse Crosby Alone, 1946, 1940-1950Add to your cart.
Including Caresse in Rome, working on Portfolio IV
Folder 8: Photographs of Painted and Drawn Portraits of Caresse CrosbyAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Photographs in Athens, 1947Add to your cart.
Some are color photographs; the quality of the color has deteriorated severely
Folder 10: Miscellaneous Photographs, 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Miscellaneous Identified Photographs, 1948, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Unidentified Photographs, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Caresse Crosby Alone, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Including photographs from Germany, Greece, Antibes, Italy, and England
Folder 14: Miscellaneous Photographs at Rocca and Venice, Italy, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Many include Caresse Crosby
Folder 15: Miscellaneous Photographs, 1950-1960Add to your cart.


Yee Gods party in Washington D.C., 1952

Klausner cocktail party

Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Photographs in Greece, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Miscellaneous - including photographs of Caresse with Archbishop Makarios and others
Folder 2: Caresse on Trial in Greece, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Folder 3: World Center Monument in Delphi, Greece Built by Caresse on Her Property, and the Modern Art Gallery in Delphi, Established by Caresse, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Folder 4: India, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Women Against War (W.A.W) Materials, ca. 1945-1950sAdd to your cart.
This includes photos and descriptions of children affected by the Greek-Italian War.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Unidentified Photographs, 1950-1960Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Caresse Crosby AloneAdd to your cart.
Most in Italy
Folder 3: Caresse Crosby's Birthday Party in Italy, August 27, 1965Add to your cart.
Photographs made by David Lees for Life magazine
Folder 4: Miscellaneous Photographs Greece and Italy, 1960-1970Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Miscellaneous PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Including Jeremy and Stelloff party
Folder 6: Miscellaneous Photographs, 1932-1948Add to your cart.
Caresse Crosby and her children, Polleen and Bill Peabody
Folder 7: Caresse Crosby and Various Men, 1931-1959Add to your cart.
Folder 8: "The Men in My Life", 1915-1934Add to your cart.
Per Caresse Crosby - includes photograph of Dick Peabody (Caresse's first husband) and Richard Simon
Folder 9: Half-tones Made From Misc. Photographs for a Black Sun ProjectAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Photographs of Paintings of "The Temptation of Saint Anthony" (Dali, Delvauz, etc.), ca. 1946Add to your cart.
B&W photographs of paintings, photographed by Soichi Sunami.
Folder 2: Photographs for Portfolio IV, Italy, ca. 1944Add to your cart.
Photos of artwork and unidentified children
Folder 3: Photographs for Portfolio VI, Greece, 1946Add to your cart.
Photos of artwork and artists and unidentified people at a luncheon.
Folder 4: Photographs for Portfolio VIII, Black Art, 1948Add to your cart.
Photograph of poet Myron O'Higgins, Crosby, and artwork.
Folder 5: Misc. Photographs Related to the World Referendum, World Citizens, World Man, Temple of Peace and Health, and Peace-Related Art., 1957, 1964, 1968Add to your cart.
Photos of exhibits, founder of the Commonwealth of World Citizens Hugh J. Schonfield, artwork and statues either at the fair or sold at an action at the fair.
Folder 6: "The Passionate Years"Add to your cart.
Contains xeroxed copies of the book's photograph pages with folder location for the photographs in the collection.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby],
[Series 2: Friends],
[Series 3: Harry Crosby],
[Series 4: Oversized Photographs],
[Series 5: Scrapbooks],

Page Generated in: 0.194 seconds (using 264 queries).
Using 3.17MB of memory. (Peak of 3.47MB.)

Powered by Archon Version 3.21 rev-2.1
Copyright ©2012 The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign