Browse: Collections Digital Content Subjects Creators Record Groups

Wayne A. R. Leys papers


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description



Printed Materials



Wayne A. R. Leys papers, 1905-1973 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Email Us Contact Us About This Collection

Collection Overview

Title: Wayne A. R. Leys papers, 1905-1973Add to your cart.

ID: 3/RG 4/FP 17-19-F3

Primary Creator: Leys, Wayne A. R. (Wayne Albert Risser)

Extent: 30.0 Cubic Feet

Arrangement: Arranged into 5 Series: Series I - Correspondence (boxes 1-8); Series II - Manuscripts (boxes 8-16); Series III - Printed Materials (boxes 16-19); Series IV - Files (boxes 20-47); Series V - Miscellaneous (boxes 47-60).

Date Acquired: 05/01/1973

Subjects: Christian Century Foundation., Education - Aims and objectives, Education - Philosophy, Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948, Labor unions. - United States, Philosophy, American - 20th century, Roosevelt College of Chicago, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Dissertations, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Faculty

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The 58-box collection of the papers of Wayne A. R. Leys encompasses approximately 50 years, from 1922 to 1973.  The manuscript and printed materal deals with Ley's wide range of philosophical, political, administrative and religious interests.  The correspondence includes many letters from many significant philosophers, political scientists, and other scholars as well as labor leaders and politicians, but contains few lengthy discussions of substance.  The personal files consist largely of notes for class lectures, quotations, and clippings.

Portions of the collection not directly related to Leys' scholarly activities are:  materials relating to the National War Labor Board (Region VI); papers concerning the construction of "High Pines,"  the Leys home near Makanda, Illinois; and travel and historical information about Southern  Illinois and nearby areas. Also included are papers from Leys' participation in various research projects and conferences: the Rockefeller Foundation Project; The Operations Research Office Project; the Experimental Conference on Legal and Social Philosophy; the Summer Program in Executive Development; the Public Interest Research Project; and the National Institute of Labor Education Ethical and Moral Standards Project.

Most of the material relating to Roosevelt College was sent to Roosevelt University in May, 1973, in compliance with the donor's request.  The only Roosevelt College material in the collection is that which deals with its founding and an investigation of subversive activities conducted in 1949.  The early papers of Leys include class notes, essays, examinations and a dissertation written while he was a student of philosophy at the University of Chicago.  Also included are sermons and other religious papers;  some from the brief time when Leys was associate minister with Edward Scribner Ames.  When Leys gave up the ministry for teaching in 1932, his interest in the philosophy of religion and logic gradually began to give way to an emphasis on ethics, political and legal philosophy, and the philosophy of education.

Biographical Note

Wayne Albert Risser Leys was born June 29, 1905 in Bloomington, Illinois.  He began making public speeches in high school and during his senior year decided that he would become a minister.  During his years at Illinois Wesleyan University (1922-26) he delivered numerous sermons, and upon graduation became associate pastor of the First Christian Church of Bloomington.  He believed himself to be a Dewey-ite, and though not exactly a reformer, undoubtedly, a reconstructionist.  His study of philosophy and the psychology of religion only augmented his general Dewey-ism.  While working on his Ph.D. dissertation he began to deviate from pragmatism, drifting toward realism.  In 1931, after receiving his Ph.D., he accepted a position as acting minister of the University Church of the Disciples of Christ in Chicago.  He continued there for a year while the minister, Edward Scribner Ames, took a leave of absence.  In 1932 Leys became a professor of philosophy at Central Y.M.C.A. College, Chicago.  In 1944 he became Dean of Arts and Sciences, and it was while he was in this position that Leys joined the leaders of a mass faculty resignation protesting racial discrimination (Spring 1965).  That same year the faculty succeeded in establishing Roosevelt College with Leys as the first Dean of Faculties.

Between 1943 and 1945 Leys served as a public panel member of the National War Labor Board (Region VI), and in 1949 he became Vice President of Roosevelt College.  In 1955 he resigned as Vice President and Dean of Faculties to become Dean of the Graduate Division, and returned to teaching philosophy.  During this same period, he was a Trustee of the College (1945-1950 and 1953-1959), and he also accepted visiting appointments in philosophy at John Hopkins University (Summer 1950), Northwestern University (Summer 1954) and the University of Michigan (1955).  Leys was a consultant to the Operations Research Office, John Hopkins University (1953-1960), and the Research Analysis Corporation (after 1960).  He was also a lecturer at the University of Chicago in the executive training program for federal administrators (1955-1962).  In 1956 and 1957 Leys was a contributing editor to the Christian Century.

Leys received two grants from the Rockefeller Foundation; the first grant (1950-1951) resulted in the publication of Ethics for Policy Decisions, and the second (1958-1959) was an examination of the meaning of the "the public interest."  The latter was a project of the Committee to Advance Original Work in Philosophy, Western Division, American Philosophical Associatino, of which Leys was the chairman.  In 1960-61 Leys was a resident director of the Ethical Standards Research Project, sponsored by the National Institute of Labor Education adn the Ford Foundation.  The State Department awarded Leys an American Specialist grant for the summer of 1962 to lecture in Venezuela, Columbia, and Brazil.  He also prepared lectures for a similar tour in 1967, but the State Department declined to sponsor the trip.

When he was teaching philosophy at Southern Illinois University (1964-1973), Leys became a member of the editorial board of the Dewey publication project, and beginning in 1970 he was a member of the board of directors of the Library of Living Philosophers.  He also served on several university committees, including the Gandhi Centennial Committee and the Committee on Tenure, Promotion, and Salary.

Wayne A. R. Leys died March 7, 1973, at his home near Makanda, Illinois.

Subject/Index Terms

Christian Century Foundation.
Education - Aims and objectives
Education - Philosophy
Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948
Labor unions. - United States
Philosophy, American - 20th century
Roosevelt College of Chicago
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Dissertations
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Faculty

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Accession MSS 239, donated by Mrs. Wayne Leys.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Wayne A.R. Leys research papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Processing Information: Processed April 14, 1974.

Finding Aid Revision History: Description revised by Khani Begum, September 1983.  Additional accessions were added by Beth Martell and Elizabeth Hartman in October 2013.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1917-1973],
[Series 2: Manuscripts, 1922-1973],
[Series 3: Printed Materials, 1923-1972],
[Series 4: Files, circa 1929-1973],
[Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1924-1973],

Series 3: Printed Materials, 1923-1972Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Articles and Editorials, 1923-1968Add to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Articles and Editorials, 1923-1938Add to your cart.
"Friendship and Life's Purpose" (1923); "Religious Attitudes and Church Relations" (1927); "Soul Saving in the Light of Modern Psychology" (1929); "Making Religion Esthetically Appealing" (1930); "The Disciplined Mind" (1937); "Can Forum Discussions be Reasonable?" (1938)
Folder 3: Articles and Editorials, 1938-1952Add to your cart.
"Types of Moral Values and Moral Inconsistency" (1938); "Ethics and Administrative Discretion" (1943); "Education Through Deliberation" in "How to Lead Discussions"; "Current Applications of Ethical Theory" (1950); "The Political Philosophy of Scientists" (1951); "The Scientists Code of Ethics" (1952); "What is a Man of Integrity?" (1952-1953); "What Should Be the Status of the Individual in an Increasingly Group-Oriented Society" (1953)
Folder 4: Articles and Editorials, 1953-1962Add to your cart.
"You Can't Be Separate and Equal" (1953); "Human Values in the Atomic Age" (1953); "Two Roles of the University in Adult Education" (1955); "The Terminal Master's Degree" (1956); "Justice and Equality" (1956); "Philosophy and the Public Interest" (1958); "Attempting to Reduce the Confused Nonsense of Business Ethics" (1961); "Ethics, Social Science, and Conflict of Interest" (1962); "Teaching Ethics in Labor Education" (1962)
Folder 5: Articles and Editorials, 1962-1972Add to your cart.
"Business Ethics and Small Marketers" (1962); "Irrelevance as a Philosophical Problem of Our Time" (1963); "Was Plato Non-Political?" (1965); "Ethics in American Business and Government; the Confused Issues" (1968); "Teaching the History of Philosophy" (1968); "The Negativism of Political Goals" (1968); "The Public Interest and the Common Good" (1968); "The Use and Abuse of Normative Definitions" (1972)
Folder 6: Miscellaneous, 1930-1949, 1968Add to your cart.
Box 17Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Editorials in The Christian Century, 1956Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Editorials in The Christian Century, 1957Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Books, 1934-1940Add to your cart.
Box 17Add to your cart.
Folder 3: A History of Scientific Progress, 1935Add to your cart.
Volume 1: Introduction to Social Studies, 1934Add to your cart.
Volume 2: Civilization in the Making, 1935Add to your cart.
Volume 3: Philosophy and the Social Sciences, 1939-1940Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Other Authors, 1933-1972Add to your cart.
Box 17Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Ackoff - Burtt, 1947-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Cassinelli - Ducasse, 1943-1965Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Eames - Everett, 1938-1971Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Farrell - Fries, circa 1950-1968Add to your cart.
Box 18Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Geiger - Julian, circa 1950-1962Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Kallen, circa 1939-1960Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Kallen - Kegley, 1946-1966Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Knight, 1939-1957Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Kohler - McKeon, 1933-1966Add to your cart.
Folder 6: McKeon, 1944-1964Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Miller - Schubert, 1950-1961Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Simpson - Zarecor, 1950-1959Add to your cart.
Box 19Add to your cart.
Item 1: The Annals of The American Academcy of Political and Social Science, 1955 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Ethical Standards and Professional Conduct Booklet
Item 2: The Annals of The American Academcy of Political and Social Science, 1962 MayAdd to your cart.
"Unconventional Warfare"
Item 3: American Association of University Professors Bulletin, 1971 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Academic Freedom and Tenure
Item 4: "A Current Appraisal of the Behavioral Sciences", 1963 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Supplement to The American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. VII, No. 4
Item 5: Annual Report to American Arbitration Association Memebers and Panelists, 1972 March-AprilAdd to your cart.
Item 6: American Arbitration Association News, 1971 AprilAdd to your cart.
Item 7: Harvard Educational Review, 1956 SpringAdd to your cart.
Symposium: The Aims and Content of Philosophy of Education
Item 8: Illinois Labor Bulletin, 1952 March-AprilAdd to your cart.
Official Publication of Illinois Department of Labor
Item 9: Journal of the History of Philosophy, 1970 JulyAdd to your cart.
Item 10: The Journal of Social Issues, 1950Add to your cart.
"Values and the Social Scientist"
Item 11: Association of University Evening Colleges News Letter, 1956 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Item 12: International Development Education Program Newsletter, 1972 JulyAdd to your cart.
Item 13: U.S. National Commission for Unesco Newsletter, 1962 AprilAdd to your cart.
Item 14: Public Personnel Association News, 1971 AprilAdd to your cart.
Item 15: Public Administration News, 1959 JuneAdd to your cart.
Published by the American Society for Public Administration
Item 16: Public Administration Review, 1964 JuneAdd to your cart.
The Journal of the American Society for Public Administration. Featured in this issue: "The Key to Self-Help"; "The Working Woman"; "Image and Reality in the Public Service"
Item 17: National Education Association Research Bulletin, 1956 DecemberAdd to your cart.
The State and Sectarian Education
Item 18: Roosevelt University Magazine, 1969 SpringAdd to your cart.
Item 19: Saturday Review, 1965 September 25Add to your cart.
Schweitzer: His Life and Work
Item 20: Studies in Philosophy and Education, 1967 FallAdd to your cart.
Featuring: "Can and Should Means-Ends Reasoning Be Used in Teaching?"; "Historical Particularities and Concept Formation: COmments on Burnett and Palmer"; "The Operational Utilization of Political Categories in Education Theory"; "On the Usefulness of Philosophers of Education"; "Equality and Education: Remarks on Kleinberger"; "Rejoinder to K.B. Henderson"
Item 21: Studies in Philosophy and Education, 1968 SpringAdd to your cart.
Featuring: "Scientific Method, Social Systems, and Education Research"; "Teaching: Act and Enterprise"; "Remarks on Macmillan and McClellan's Treatment of Meands-ends Reasoning in Teaching"; "Teaching and Non-learning Objectives: Comments on Macmillan and McClellan"; "Equality and Educational Policy: A Rejoinder"
Item 22: Ethical Problems for the Sixties, 1962Add to your cart.
Item 23: Public Aid in Illinois: Professional Ethics in the Public Service, 1956 MayAdd to your cart.
Item 24: Worldview: A Journal of Ethics and Foreign Affairs, 1958 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Item 25: A Suggested Code of Ethics for Municipal Officials and Employess, 1962Add to your cart.
Item 26: Defense Bulletin: Democracy's Defense Through Education, 1961 JuneAdd to your cart.
Item 27: The College That Gave Them A Chance, circa 1956Add to your cart.
Pamphlet for Roosevelt University
Item 28: Roosevelt University Magazine, 1972 SpringAdd to your cart.
Item 29: This is Ann Arbor, circa 1960Add to your cart.
Pamphlet for Ann Arbor, MI
Item 30: Price Policy and Public Responsibility, 1958 January 28Add to your cart.
"Administered Prices in the Automobile Industry," Walter P. Reuther, prepared for United States Senate
Item 31: Natural Resources and the Political Struggle, 1955Add to your cart.
Short Studies in Political Science, Norman Wengert, North Dakota Agricultural College
Item 32: The American Round Table Digest Report: "The Common Good", 1961 AprilAdd to your cart.
Item 33: The Cliff Dwellers Year Book, 1951-1953Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Public Health and Public Policy Pamphlets, circa 1940 - 1960Add to your cart.
"Human Steilization Today"; "Information about Syphilis"; "A Selected List of Social Hygiene Publications"; "Segregation in the Public Schools"; "Statement of Bureau Objectives" (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance)
Item 34: The University of Chicago Magazine, 1972 July-AugustAdd to your cart.
Item 35: Wisdom: The Magazine of Knowledge for Lifetime Learning and Education, 1970Add to your cart.
Item 36: Plans for the Future: A Statement by the Trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation, 1963Add to your cart.
Item 37: OR: Weapon For Peace, 1952 OctoberAdd to your cart.
Reprinted from The John Hopkinds Magazine. Concerns Operations Research.
Item 38: Higher Education and National Affairs, 1963 January 4Add to your cart.
Publication of American Council on Education
Item 39: Scientific Problem SolvingAdd to your cart.
Publication of The Research Analysis Corporation, "A nonprofit organization working to strength the national posture by applying advanced scientific thinking to military and governmental problems"

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1917-1973],
[Series 2: Manuscripts, 1922-1973],
[Series 3: Printed Materials, 1923-1972],
[Series 4: Files, circa 1929-1973],
[Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1924-1973],

Page Generated in: 0.192 seconds (using 272 queries).
Using 3.23MB of memory. (Peak of 3.55MB.)

Powered by Archon Version 3.21 rev-2.1
Copyright ©2012 The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign