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Wayne A. R. Leys papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Manuscripts

Printed Materials

Files

Miscellaneous


Wayne A. R. Leys papers, 1905-1973 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Wayne A. R. Leys papers, 1905-1973Add to your cart.

ID: 3/RG 4/FP17-19-F3

Primary Creator: Leys, Wayne A. R. (Wayne Albert Risser)

Extent: 30.0 Cubic Feet

Arrangement: Arranged into 5 Series: Series I - Correspondence (boxes 1-8); Series II - Manuscripts (boxes 8-16); Series III - Printed Materials (boxes 16-19); Series IV - Files (boxes 20-47); Series V - Miscellaneous (boxes 47-60).

Date Acquired: 05/01/1973

Subjects: Christian Century Foundation., Education - Aims and objectives, Education - Philosophy, Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948, Labor unions. - United States, Philosophy, American - 20th century, Roosevelt College of Chicago, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Dissertations, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Faculty

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The 58-box collection of the papers of Wayne A. R. Leys encompasses approximately 50 years, from 1922 to 1973.  The manuscript and printed materal deals with Ley's wide range of philosophical, political, administrative and religious interests.  The correspondence includes many letters from many significant philosophers, political scientists, and other scholars as well as labor leaders and politicians, but contains few lengthy discussions of substance.  The personal files consist largely of notes for class lectures, quotations, and clippings.

Portions of the collection not directly related to Leys' scholarly activities are:  materials relating to the National War Labor Board (Region VI); papers concerning the construction of "High Pines,"  the Leys home near Makanda, Illinois; and travel and historical information about Southern  Illinois and nearby areas. Also included are papers from Leys' participation in various research projects and conferences: the Rockefeller Foundation Project; The Operations Research Office Project; the Experimental Conference on Legal and Social Philosophy; the Summer Program in Executive Development; the Public Interest Research Project; and the National Institute of Labor Education Ethical and Moral Standards Project.

Most of the material relating to Roosevelt College was sent to Roosevelt University in May, 1973, in compliance with the donor's request.  The only Roosevelt College material in the collection is that which deals with its founding and an investigation of subversive activities conducted in 1949.  The early papers of Leys include class notes, essays, examinations and a dissertation written while he was a student of philosophy at the University of Chicago.  Also included are sermons and other religious papers;  some from the brief time when Leys was associate minister with Edward Scribner Ames.  When Leys gave up the ministry for teaching in 1932, his interest in the philosophy of religion and logic gradually began to give way to an emphasis on ethics, political and legal philosophy, and the philosophy of education.

Collection Historical Note

Wayne Albert Risser Leys was born June 29, 1905 in Bloomington, Illinois.  He began making public speeches in high school and during his senior year decided that he would become a minister.  During his years at Illinois Wesleyan University (1922-26) he delivered numerous sermons, and upon graduation became associate pastor of the First Christian Church of Bloomington.  He believed himself to be a Dewey-ite, and though not exactly a reformer, undoubtedly, a reconstructionist.  His study of philosophy and the psychology of religion only augmented his general Dewey-ism.  While working on his Ph.D. dissertation he began to deviate from pragmatism, drifting toward realism.  In 1931, after receiving his Ph.D., he accepted a position as acting minister of the University Church of the Disciples of Christ in Chicago.  He continued there for a year while the minister, Edward Scribner Ames, took a leave of absence.  In 1932 Leys became a professor of philosophy at Central Y.M.C.A. College, Chicago.  In 1944 he became Dean of Arts and Sciences, and it was while he was in this position that Leys joined the leaders of a mass faculty resignation protesting racial discrimination (Spring 1965).  That same year the faculty succeeded in establishing Roosevelt College with Leys as the first Dean of Faculties.

Between 1943 and 1945 Leys served as a public panel member of the National War Labor Board (Region VI), and in 1949 he became Vice President of Roosevelt College.  In 1955 he resigned as Vice President and Dean of Faculties to become Dean of the Graduate Division, and returned to teaching philosophy.  During this same period, he was a Trustee of the College (1945-1950 and 1953-1959), and he also accepted visiting appointments in philosophy at John Hopkins University (Summer 1950), Northwestern University (Summer 1954) and the University of Michigan (1955).  Leys was a consultant to the Operations Research Office, John Hopkins University (1953-1960), and the Research Analysis Corporation (after 1960).  He was also a lecturer at the University of Chicago in the executive training program for federal administrators (1955-1962).  In 1956 and 1957 Leys was a contributing editor to the Christian Century.

Leys received two grants from the Rockefeller Foundation; the first grant (1950-1951) resulted in the publication of Ethics for Policy Decisions, and the second (1958-1959) was an examination of the meaning of the "the public interest."  The latter was a project of the Committee to Advance Original Work in Philosophy, Western Division, American Philosophical Associatino, of which Leys was the chairman.  In 1960-61 Leys was a resident director of the Ethical Standards Research Project, sponsored by the National Institute of Labor Education adn the Ford Foundation.  The State Department awarded Leys an American Specialist grant for the summer of 1962 to lecture in Venezuela, Columbia, and Brazil.  He also prepared lectures for a similar tour in 1967, but the State Department declined to sponsor the trip.

When he was teaching philosophy at Southern Illinois University (1964-1973), Leys became a member of the editorial board of the Dewey publication project, and beginning in 1970 he was a member of the board of directors of the Library of Living Philosophers.  He also served on several university committees, including the Gandhi Centennial Committee and the Committee on Tenure, Promotion, and Salary.

Wayne A. R. Leys died March 7, 1973, at his home near Makanda, Illinois.

Subject/Index Terms

Christian Century Foundation.
Education - Aims and objectives
Education - Philosophy
Gandhi, Mahatma, 1869-1948
Labor unions. - United States
Philosophy, American - 20th century
Roosevelt College of Chicago
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Dissertations
Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - Faculty

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Accession MSS 239, donated by Mrs. Wayne Leys.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Wayne A.R. Leys research papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Processing Information: Processed April 14, 1974.

Finding Aid Revision History: Description revised by Khani Begum, September 1983.  Additional accessions were added by Beth Martell and Elizabeth Hartman in October 2013.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1917-1973],
[Series 2: Manuscripts, 1922-1973],
[Series 3: Printed Materials, 1923-1972],
[Series 4: Files, circa 1929-1973],
[Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1924-1973],
[All]

Series 2: Manuscripts, 1922-1973Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: College Papers, 1922-1930Add to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 4: BibliographyAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Essays and Examinations, 1922-1926Add to your cart.
Illinois Wesleyan University
Folder 6: Essays and Examinations, 1927Add to your cart.
University of Chicago
Folder 7: Essays and Examinations, 1928Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Essays and Examinations, 1929Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Essays and Examinations, 1929-1930Add to your cart.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Philosophy notes, 1927-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Philosophy notes, 1927-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Philosophy notes, 1927-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Philosophy notes, 1927-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Philosophy notes, undatedAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Religious Papers, 1922-1972Add to your cart.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Sermons, 1922-1926Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Sermons and notes, c. 1927Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Sermons and notes, 1928-1929Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Concerning the Disciples of Christ, 1927-1931Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Sermons and notes, c. 1931Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Sermons and notes, c. 1931Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Prayers and rituals, 1930-1931Add to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Miscellaneous, 1922-1931Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Sermons, 1964-1967Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Sermons, 1969-1972Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Speeches and Lectures, 1926-1971Add to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Speeches and Lectures, 1926-1951Add to your cart.
"A Flight from Reality" (c. 1926); "The Art of Alibi-Making" (1927, December 4); Speech to the faculty, Central Y.M.C.A College (1945, April); Welcoming speech for new faculty, Roosevelt College (1947, October 5); Remarks to scolarship winners, Roosevelt College (1947, October 8); "On Reading The Leviathan of Thomas Hobbes" (1947); "Education and Attitudes"(1948, June 4); Remarks, National Association for Nursery Education (1948, October 7); "Is This a Time for Stoicism?" (1950, 1951); "What Science Means to Me" (1950, April 26); "Does Our Government Need Stoics?" (1950, July 12); "Remarks," Conference on Scientific Method, Philosophy of Science Association, Roosevelt College (1950, October 21)
Folder 5: Speeches and Lectures, 1952-1963Add to your cart.
"Can There Be Ethics in Government?" (1952, February 12); "The Important Issues of the 1952 Election," (1952, April 12), Adult Education Council of Chicago, (1952, October 15); Remarks to new students, Roosevelt College (1952, May 12); "A Few Comments on Research, Creative Activity and Teaching" (1953); "The Irrelevance of Social Science to Public Administration and the Morale of Intellectuals" (1953, July 7-16); "What is an Educated Woman" (1954, February 12); "Ribbing From Adam to this Evening" (1954, February 26); "Dr. Siegfried Marck" (1957, February 18); "Business and Professional Ethics" (c. 1958); "Education for Labor's Public Responsibility" (1959, November 17); "The Theory of the Public Interest" (1959, December 28); "In Pursuit of the Public Interest" (1960, January 29); "Conflict of Interest" (1961, May 6); "Ethics and Administration: Integration of Personal and Organization Values" (1961, October 11); "Results of the Ethical and Moral Standards Projects" (1961, October 31); "Why Marxism and Existentialism Appeal to Some Latin Americans" (1962, November 14); "Remarks," Thirteenth International Congress of Philosophy (1963, September); "Suppressed Thoughts Expressed" (1963, November 7)
Folder 6: South American Tour, 1962Add to your cart.
"U.S. Philosophy of Education" (1962, July 18); "Recent Trends in Philosophy that May Reduce the Distance Between Philosophies in North and South America" (1962, July 14); "Race Relations"; "Adult Education"; "Communist Activity Among U.S.A. Students"; "The Accreditation of High Schools, Colleges, and Universities in the U.S.A." (1962, July 3); "Unity and Diversity in Educational Systems" (1962, July 19); "Education for Policy Thinking" (1962, July 19); "Some Americans I Have Known Who Had a Sense of Humor"; "Relation of the Universities to the Trades and Professions" (1962, July 20)
Folder 7: South American Tour, 1962Add to your cart.
"U.S. Philosophy of Education" (1962, July 18); "Recent Trends in Philosophy that May Reduce the Distance Between Philosophies in North and South America" (1962, July 14); "Race Relations"; "Adult Education"; "Communist Activity Among U.S.A. Students"; "The Accreditation of High Schools, Colleges, and Universities in the U.S.A." (1962, July 3); "Unity and Diversity in Educational Systems" (1962, July 19); "Education for Policy Thinking" (1962, July 19); "Some Americans I Have Known Who Had a Sense of Humor"; "Relation of the Universities to the Trades and Professions" (1962, July 20)
Folder 8: Speeches and Lectures, 1968-1970Add to your cart.
"The Varieties of Business Ethics" (1968, January 25); "The Walls and Bridges of Learning" (1969, May 25); "Is Philosophy A Bridge Between Cultures?" (1969, May 25); "Response" to address by M. Rasgotra (1969, October 2); Remarks, Ghandi Centennial Celebration (1969, October); "Edward Scribner Ames, and Latter Day Aims" (1970, April 1)
Folder 9: Speeches and Lectures, undatedAdd to your cart.
"Franklin Delano Roosevelt"; "The Intellectuals and Public Policy"; "An Alumnus Looks at Education"; "A College Education"; "The Wordy Way of Life"; "University Reform"; "On Asking the Right Questions"; "Philosophy as Criticism or as Theory of Criticism"; "Philosophy is Not Comprehensive Knowledge"; "What Can Philosophers Do About Humor?"; Untitled
Folder 10: Notes, 1927-1959Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Notes, 1960-1971Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Notes, undatedAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Papers Read at Meetings, 1930-1970Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Papers Read at Meetings, 1942-1953Add to your cart.
"The Return to Medicinal Myths" (c. 1942); "The Alternatives to Liberalism"; "The Alternatives that Threaten Liberalism" (1943); "The Relation of Ethics to the Social and Policy Sciences" (1949, October 14); "Semantics and Ethics" (1950, January 11); "The Relevance of Ethics to Problems of World SOciety and World Government" (1950, May 6); "The Case Study Method in Administrative and Policy Subjects" (1950, October 21); "The Separate But Equal Fiction" (1952, November 21); "Ethics for Policy Decisions: Is it Ethics?" (1952, December 30); " What Should Be the Status of the Individual in an Increasingly Group-Oriented Society?" (1953, March 5); "Bridging the Gap Between Ethical Theory and Practical Decisions" (1953, October 27); "Human Values in the Atomic Age" (1953, November)
Folder 3: Papers Read at Meetings, 1954-1960Add to your cart.
"The Two Roles of the University in Adult Education" (1954); "The Philosophical and Ethical Aspects of Group Relations" (1955); "International Obligations" (1955); "Examination of Sabine on 'Justice'" (1956); 'The Procedural Conception of the Public Interest" (1959); "Ethics in Decision Kaking" (1959); "Education for Labor's Public Responsibility" (1959); "A Comparative Investigation of the Norms of Official Conduct" (1960); "The Relevance and Generality of the 'Public Interest'" (1960)
Folder 4: Papers Read at Meetings, 1962-1966Add to your cart.
"Research Programs in Non-Ph.D. Granting Institution" (1962); "Ethics and Conflicts of Interest in Science and Technology" (1962); "Relevance," Philosophy Colloquium, Roosevelt University (1963); "Relevance" (a different paper than the previous); "Irrelevance as a Philosophical Problem of Our Time" (1963); "Political Philosophy in Quotation Marks" (1963); "Was Plato Non-Political?" (1964); "Rejoinder" to Francis Sparshott's critique (1968); "The Value Framework of Decision-Marking" (1965); "Individuality and Conformity in Schools" (1966)
Folder 5: Papers Read at Meetings, 1967-1970Add to your cart.
"The Public Interest and the Common Good" (1967); "Teaching the History of Philosophy" (1968); "American Forms of Civil Disobedience" (1968); "Ethics in American Business and Government: the Confused Issues" (1968); "The Public Interest and the Common Good" (1968); "The Use and Abuse of Normative Definitions" (1968); "What is the Public Interest in Universities?" (1969); "Is Philosophy a Bridge Between Cultures?"
Folder 6: Doctoral Dissertation, "Needs and Values in Religions" (1/2), 1930Add to your cart.
University of Chicago, 1930
Folder 7: Doctoral Dissertation, "Needs and Values in Religions" (2/2), 1930Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Articles, 1935-1972Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Articles, 1935-1972Add to your cart.
"Relief and the Family" (1935); "Siegfried Marck" (1957); "Business Ethics and Small Marketers" (1959); "The Confused Nonsense of Business Ethics" (1961); "A Logical Difficulty in the Theory of General Education" (1963); "James Hayden Tufts" (1968); "The Middle Class Revolt Predicted by Secretary Barr" (1969); "The Revival of the Philosophy of Law" (196); "Preface of Foreword for Occasional Paper Containing the Address by Sri M. Rasgotra" (1970); "Lionel Ruby," memorial notice (1972)
Folder 9: Articles, undatedAdd to your cart.
"The American Way"; "Spread Eagle" (fiction); "The Heart and Its Resistance to Mind"; "But I don't understand..." (fiction); "On the Study of Ethics"; "The Opinion Makers"; "Confronting Complexity"; "Managing Complexity"
Sub-Series 6: Book Chapters, 1932-1972Add to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Book Chapters, 1932-1962Add to your cart.
"My Religion" (The Religious Control of Emotion, 1932); "Preface for the Writer's aid only" (c. 1933); "Chapter I, The Social Sciences and Philosophy" (Probbably for Introduction to Social Studies, 1934); "Roosevelt, A College Dedicated to Equality of Opportunity" (College Programs in Intergroup Relations, 1950); "Ethical Language and Its Analysis" (c. 1951); "The Semantic Approach to Wisdom" (c. 1951); "Platonic, Pragmatic, and Political Responsibility" (1960); "The Generality and Relevance on the Public Interest" (1962)
Folder 2: Book Chapters, 1969-1972Add to your cart.
"Civil Disobedience" (1969); "Introduction" (intended for Philosophy and Education, 1969); "Philosophical Walls and Bridges" (1970); "Gandhi's Synthesis of Indiana Spirituality and Western Politics" (Political and Legal Obligation, 1970); "Political and Moral Pluralism" (1972)
Folder 3: Book Chapters, undatedAdd to your cart.
"Biblical Criticism"; "The Varieties of Error"; "Modern Logic"; "Aristotle's Logic"
Folder 4: Book Chapters, undatedAdd to your cart.
"Medieval Science"; "Scholasticism"; "Why Should Everyone Think for Himself?"; "Unscientific Use of Language"; "A Note on Religious Ethics"
Sub-Series 7: Books, circa 1933-1968Add to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Folder 5: A Child's Logic (1/2), circa 1933Add to your cart.
"Wit Sharpening for Children and for Grown-Ups Who Couldn't Understand Why Socrates is Mortal"
Folder 6: A Child's Logic (2/2), circa 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Philosophy and The Public Interest, 1958Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Unpublished book, first draft, 1960-1961Add to your cart.
Political Philosophy in an Unprincipled Age, or What Happened to the Common Good
Folder 9: Unpublished book, first draft, 1960-1961Add to your cart.
Political Philosophy in an Unprincipled Age, or What Happened to the Common Good
Folder 10: Unpublished book, first draft, 1960-1961Add to your cart.
Political Philosophy in an Unprincipled Age, or What Happened to the Common Good
Box 13Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Unpublished book, first draft, revised, 1960-1961Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Unpublished book, first draft, revised, 1960-1961Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Unpublished book, second draft, circa 1963Add to your cart.
Title changed to Political Principles in an Unprincipled Age
Folder 4: Unpublished book, second draft, circa 1963Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Unpublished book, third draft, 1967Add to your cart.
Title changed to The Vanishing Common Good, A Search for Political Principles in an Unprinciple Age
Folder 6: Unpublished book, third draft, 1967Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Gandhi and America's Educational Future, preliminary draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Working title, Educational Responses to Gandhi
Folder 8: Gandhi and America's Educational Future, preliminary draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Gandhi and America's Educational Future, preliminary draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Gandhi and America's Educational Future, preliminary draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Gandhi and America's Education Future, final draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Gandhi and America's Education Future, final draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Gandhi and America's Education Future, final draft, 1968Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 8: Miscellaneous Critiques, Reviews, Reports, etc., circa 1924-1972Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Critiques of Papers, circa 1942-1965Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Book Reviews, circa 1924-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Reports, Summaries, and Statements, circa 1948-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Committee Reports, 1940, 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Memoranda, 1950-1969Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Syllabi and Bibliographies, 1941-1970Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Miscellaneous, circa 1933-1965Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 9: Papers by Other Authors, circa 1951-1973Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Abbass - David, 1966-1967, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: De'ath - Drucker, circa 1959-1970Add to your cart.
Box 15Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Everett - Kuntz, 1958-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Levy - McKeon, 1963, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Miller - Pitcher, circa 1952-1965Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Plochman, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Philipp - Worthy, 1951-1970Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Miscellaneous, 1967-1973Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Miscellaneous, 1952-1961, undatedAdd to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Miscellaneous, 1967-1971, undatedAdd to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1917-1973],
[Series 2: Manuscripts, 1922-1973],
[Series 3: Printed Materials, 1923-1972],
[Series 4: Files, circa 1929-1973],
[Series 5: Miscellaneous, 1924-1973],
[All]

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