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Ku Klux Klan collection

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Box 0


Ku Klux Klan collection, 1920-1929 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Ku Klux Klan collection, 1920-1929Add to your cart.

ID: 1/5/MSS 241

Primary Creator: Ku Klux Klan

Extent: 1.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Arranged by item type.

Subjects: Evansville (Ind.), Ku Klux Klan (1915-), Richmond (Ind.)

Forms of Material: Artifacts., Ephemera., Records (documents)

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This small collection contains Ku Klux Klan national forms, local forms from Richmond, Indiana, a "Fiery Summons" (a call to appear before a secret committee) and  "The Record of Tribunal of Klansman David Curtis Stephenson"; a 51 page pamphlet from Evansville Indiana dated June 23, 1924.

Biographical Note

Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is the name of several past and present secret domestic terrorist organizations in the United States, best known for advocating white supremacy and acting as vigilantes while hiding behind conical masks and white robes. The KKK has a record of terrorism, violence, and lynching to intimidate and oppress African Americans, Jews, Roman Catholics and labor unions during periods of turmoil.

The first Klan was founded in 1865 by veterans of the Confederate Army. Its purpose was to restore white supremacy in the aftermath of the American Civil War. The organization declined from 1868 to 1870 and was destroyed by President Ulysses S. Grant's prosecution and enforcement under the Civil Rights Act of 1871.

In 1915, the second Klan was founded. In reaction to these new groups of immigrants and migrants, the second KKK preached racism, anti-Catholicism, anti-Communism, nativism, and anti-Semitism. Some local groups took part in lynchings, attacks on private houses and public property, and other violent activities. Members used a ceremonial burning cross to intimidate victims and demonstrate power. Murders and violence by the Klan were most numerous in the Southern states.The Klan's popularity fell rapidly during the Great Depression, and membership fell further during World War II.

The name Ku Klux Klan has since been used by many independent groups opposing the Civil Rights Movement and desegregation, especially in the 1950s and 1960s. During this period, they often acted with impunity by alliances with Southern police departments, as during the reign of Bull Connor in Birmingham, Alabama; or governor's offices, as with George Wallace of Alabama. Several members of KKK-affiliated groups were convicted of manslaughter and murder in the deaths of civil rights workers and children in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Alabama, the assassination of NAACP organizer Medgar Evers, and the murders of three civil rights workers in Mississippi. Today, researchers estimate there may be more than 150 Klan chapters with 5,000-8,000 members nationwide. The U.S. government classifies them as hate groups, with operations in separated small local units.

Subject/Index Terms

Evansville (Ind.)
Ku Klux Klan (1915-)
Richmond (Ind.)

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Ku Klux Klan collection, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 1],
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Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: National FormsAdd to your cart.

Requisition for Robes and Helmets

Loose Leaf Membership and Dues Receipt

Kilgrapp's Quarterly Report

Kilgrapp's Quarterly Report

Petition for Citizenship in the Invisible

Empire

Payment Receipt

Requisition for Supplies

Application for Citizenship

Minutes Book Filler Page

Individual membership & dues records

ledger sheet

Application for membership in Knights Kamellia or K-duo

"Non Silba Sed Anthar" - admission card

Contact card

Interest Card

Membership card

Folder 2: Local FormsAdd to your cart.

Disability Petition

Letterhead

Resignation Form

Building Fund Donation Card

Folder 3: 3 Fiery Summons -- call to appear before a secret committeeAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Record of Tribunal of Klansman David Curtis StephensonAdd to your cart.

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