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Caresse Crosby papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Caresse Crosby: Author and Artist

Caresse Crosby: Publisher and Patron

Caresse Crosby: Activist

Caresse Crosby: Printed Materials, Including Audio-Visual

Correspondence, unless otherwise noted

Harry Crosby Physical Objects

Photocopies of newspaper clippings

Proposed Black Sun Press Catalogue and Bibliography

Artwork

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Oversized Material Drawer #15

Galley proofs of Transition

Page proof of Black Sun Press bookplate

Miscellaneous Portfolio leaves and related material

Credo: The Castle of Roccasinibalda

Page proofs of Bibliography of the Black Sun Press by Minkoff

French Communist party posters

"La Panorama Paris S'amuse"

Miscellaneous printed ephemera related to the Vatican and Pope Pius XII

Scrapbook of newsclippings related to Caresse Crosby's Washington galleries

Scrapbook of Caresse Crosby's political material

"World Citizen Passport cards of associates, 1606-20th Street, D.C., 1948-"


Caresse Crosby papers, 1912-1970 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Caresse Crosby papers, 1912-1970Add to your cart.

ID: 1/1/MSS 140

Primary Creator: Crosby, Caresse (1891-1970)

Extent: 74.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Organized into five series: (1) Writing and artwork, (2) Publishing, (3) Political activism, (4) Miscellaneous, (5) Correspondence.

Date Acquired: 00/00/1963. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Black Sun Press., Crane, Hart, 1899-1932., Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970., Miller, Henry, 1891-1980

Forms of Material: Artifacts., Boyle, Kay, 1902-1992 - Correspondence, Correspondence., Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970. - Manuscripts, Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929. - Correspondence, Diaries., Fiction, Lawrence, D. H.  (David Herbert), 1885-1930. - Correspondence, Ledgers (account books), Photographs, Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. - Correspondence, Scrapbooks, Sound recordings, Writings.

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Caresse Crosby Collection represents the largest extant body of Caresse and Harry Crosby's efforts in prose and poetry, printing and publishing, as well as their personal correspondence and assorted memorabilia. Of special interest is material of 20th century authors, such as a bound volume of letters to Harry and Caresse Crosby from D. H. Lawrence, galley proofs of The Bridge by Hart Crane, an extensive body of correspondence from both Kay Boyle and Ezra Pound, and artwork by Henry Miller.

This collection contains all titles published by the Black Sun Press, early Black Sun Press announcements,  news clippings, free-standing volumes, photographs and Caresse Crosby's literary manuscripts,  poems, short stories and plays, Caresse Crosby's art work as well as early typescripts of The Passionate Years, and its unpublished sequel, Who in the World.

The remainder of the collection consists of packages containing scrapbooks and miscellany, oversize materials that include a great deal of original artwork, Caresse Crosby's appointment calendars, inventories of the Crosby library, address books, miscellaneous documents, and several films.  Political materials date from 1948 to her death in 1970.

Biographical Note

Caresse Crosby was born Mary Phelps Jacob on April 30, 1891 in New Rochelle, New York, daughter of a prominent New England family. After a brief marriage to Richard Rogers Peabody, she married Harry Crosby in 1922 and soon after moved to France. In April, 1927, they founded a publishing company soon to become The Black Sun Press. The publications included a Hindu Love Book, The Fall of the House of Usher, and letters by Harry's cousin, Henry James, to Walter Berry. Other contributors to the Black Sun Press included D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Kay Boyle, Ernest Hemingway, Hart Crane, Rene Crevel, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound among others. Caresse wrote a book of poetry, Crosses of Gold, which they also published. In 1928, Harry met Josephine Noyes Rotch with whom he had an ongoing affair. On December 10, 1929, in an apparent suicide pact, Harry and Josephine were found dead in a hotel room. After Harry Crosby's suicide, Caresse kept the Black Sun Press going. She also established, with Jacques Porel, a side venture, Crosby Continental Editions, that published paperback books by Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner and Dorothy Parker, among others. Ahead of her time, her paperback books did not sell well, and the press closed in 1933. The Black Sun Press, however, continued publishing into the 1950s. In 1936 Caresse and her new husband Selbert Saffold moved to Bowling Green, Virginia where she kept company with Salvador Dali, Henry Miller and Anaïs Nin. By 1941, having divorced Saffold, Caresse moved to Washington D.C., where she opened the city's only modern art gallery. She also started Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly, a magazine that sought to continue her work with young and avant-garde writers and artists. She published six editions before she ran out of funds and sponsors. This was her last major publishing effort. She became politically active and founded the organizations Women Against War and Citizens of the World, which embraced the concept of a "world community" which other activists like Buckminster Fuller also supported. In 1953, Caresse published her autobiography, The Passionate Years. She died in relative obscurity from complications from pneumonia in Rome on January 24, 1970, aged 78.

Subject/Index Terms

Black Sun Press.
Crane, Hart, 1899-1932.
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970.
Miller, Henry, 1891-1980

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Accruals: Additions 1970, 1984 and 2018

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Purchased

Related Materials: Caresse Crosby photograph collection, PH 49. For more information please see http://archives.lib.siu.edu/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=3177.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Caresse Crosby Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby: Author and Artist],
[Series 2: Caresse Crosby: Publisher and Patron],
[Series 3: Caresse Crosby: Activist],
[Series 4: Caresse Crosby: Printed Materials, Including Audio-Visual],
[Series 5: Correspondence, unless otherwise noted],
[Series 6: Harry Crosby Physical Objects],
[Series 7: Photocopies of newspaper clippings],
[Series 8: Proposed Black Sun Press Catalogue and Bibliography],
[Series 9: Artwork],
[Item 1: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 2: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 3: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 4: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 5: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 6: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 7: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 8: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 9: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 10: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 11: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 12: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 15: Oversized Material Drawer #15],
[Item 16: Galley proofs of Transition],
[Item 17: Page proof of Black Sun Press bookplate],
[Item 18: Miscellaneous Portfolio leaves and related material],
[Item 19: Credo: The Castle of Roccasinibalda],
[Item 20: Page proofs of Bibliography of the Black Sun Press by Minkoff],
[Item 21: French Communist party posters],
[Package 4: "La Panorama Paris S'amuse"],
[Item 22: Miscellaneous printed ephemera related to the Vatican and Pope Pius XII],
[Package 5: Scrapbook of newsclippings related to Caresse Crosby's Washington galleries],
[Package 6: Scrapbook of Caresse Crosby's political material],
[Package 7: "World Citizen Passport cards of associates, 1606-20th Street, D.C., 1948-"],
[All]

Item 15: Oversized Material Drawer #15Add to your cart.

Beardon, Romare

 

artwork: 5 watercolors

 

poster announcing exhibit with Lazzari

 

Cagli, Corrado

 

artwork: 1 print

 

Chentoff, Polia

 

artwork: 1 ink drawing

 

Cocteau, Jean

 

artwork: 1 ink drawing

 

Crawford, Ralston

 

printed ephemera: exhibit announcement

 

Diamantopoulos, Diamantis

 

artwork: 1 ink drawing

 

Engelsen, May den

 

artwork: valentine, pen and ink in watercolor

 

Etting, Emlen

 

artwork: pencil portrait of Seldon Rodman

 

Fasola, Roberto

 

artwork: 1 print

 

Fazzini, Pevicle

 

artwork: 1 pen and ink wash

 

Forain, Jean Louis

 

printed ephemera: 4 announcements of exhibits, 1 exhibit catalog

 

Giacomette, Alberto

 

artwork: 1 pencil drawing

 

Gounaro (see also Drawer #12 Portfolio material)

 

artwork: 1 pencil and charcoal drawing

 

Helion, Jean

 

artwork: 1 ink drawing and print of same

 

printed ephemera

 

Hugo, Ian (pseud. see Guiler in correspondence)

 

artwork: 2 etchings

 

Johnson, Bradford

 

artwork: 2 pastel portraits

 

Laurench, Marie

 

artwork: 1 drawing

 

Lazzari, Pietro

 

artwork: approximately 10 ink drawings

 

1 watercolor

 

1 drawing on (masonite?) board

 

 

Man Ray

 

artwork: mock-up page from "a book in preparation" with 2 photos

 

Matisse, Henri

 

Meryon, Charles Francois

 

artwork: ink drawing

 

Mesclon, Antoine

 

printed ephemera

 

Miller, Henry

 

artwork: 2 watercolors

 

Modigliano, Amedeo

 

12 sheets of Pencil Portraits

 

Ortiz, Angeles (Manolo)

 

artwork: 1 drawing

 

Peterson, V.

 

artwork: 1 oil on wood

 

Poe, James

 

artwork: 1 drawing

 

Quelvé, Francois

 

artwork: 1 drawing in pencil

 

Rasmussen, [Daniel?]

 

artwork: 2 ink drawings, 2 prints of same

 

Rosenberg, Sam (see also Drawer #12 Portfolio material)

 

artwork: 2 drawings, 1 with color

 

Scialoja, Toti (see also Drawer #12 Portfolio material)

 

artwork: 1 charcoal drawing

 

1 pen and ink drawing

 

Talman, Edes

 

printed ephemera: 2 exhibit announcements

 

Tanning, Dorothea

 

artwork: 1 pen and ink drawing

 

Tonny, Kristians (see also Drawer #12 Portfolio material)

 

artwork: 1 pen and ink drawing

 

Topolski, Feliks

 

printed ephemera: Topolski's Chronicle, Vol. III, no. 177

 

Valentino, Ernesto

 

artwork: 1 ink drawing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby: Author and Artist],
[Series 2: Caresse Crosby: Publisher and Patron],
[Series 3: Caresse Crosby: Activist],
[Series 4: Caresse Crosby: Printed Materials, Including Audio-Visual],
[Series 5: Correspondence, unless otherwise noted],
[Series 6: Harry Crosby Physical Objects],
[Series 7: Photocopies of newspaper clippings],
[Series 8: Proposed Black Sun Press Catalogue and Bibliography],
[Series 9: Artwork],
[Item 1: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 2: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 3: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 4: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 5: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 6: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 7: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 8: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 9: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 10: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 11: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 12: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 15: Oversized Material Drawer #15],
[Item 16: Galley proofs of Transition],
[Item 17: Page proof of Black Sun Press bookplate],
[Item 18: Miscellaneous Portfolio leaves and related material],
[Item 19: Credo: The Castle of Roccasinibalda],
[Item 20: Page proofs of Bibliography of the Black Sun Press by Minkoff],
[Item 21: French Communist party posters],
[Package 4: "La Panorama Paris S'amuse"],
[Item 22: Miscellaneous printed ephemera related to the Vatican and Pope Pius XII],
[Package 5: Scrapbook of newsclippings related to Caresse Crosby's Washington galleries],
[Package 6: Scrapbook of Caresse Crosby's political material],
[Package 7: "World Citizen Passport cards of associates, 1606-20th Street, D.C., 1948-"],
[All]

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