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Caresse Crosby papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Caresse Crosby: Author and Artist

Caresse Crosby: Publisher and Patron

Caresse Crosby: Activist

Caresse Crosby: Printed Materials, Including Audio-Visual

Correspondence, unless otherwise noted

Harry Crosby Physical Objects

Photocopies of newspaper clippings

Proposed Black Sun Press Catalogue and Bibliography

Artwork

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Harry Crosby Scrapbooks

Oversized Material Drawer #15

Galley proofs of Transition

Page proof of Black Sun Press bookplate

Miscellaneous Portfolio leaves and related material

Credo: The Castle of Roccasinibalda

Page proofs of Bibliography of the Black Sun Press by Minkoff

French Communist party posters

"La Panorama Paris S'amuse"

Miscellaneous printed ephemera related to the Vatican and Pope Pius XII

Scrapbook of newsclippings related to Caresse Crosby's Washington galleries

Scrapbook of Caresse Crosby's political material

"World Citizen Passport cards of associates, 1606-20th Street, D.C., 1948-"


Caresse Crosby papers, 1912-1970 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Caresse Crosby papers, 1912-1970Add to your cart.

ID: 1/1/MSS 140

Primary Creator: Crosby, Caresse (1891-1970)

Extent: 74.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Organized into five series: (1) Writing and artwork, (2) Publishing, (3) Political activism, (4) Miscellaneous, (5) Correspondence.

Date Acquired: 00/00/1963. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Black Sun Press., Crane, Hart, 1899-1932., Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970., Miller, Henry, 1891-1980

Forms of Material: Artifacts., Boyle, Kay, 1902-1992 - Correspondence, Correspondence., Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970. - Manuscripts, Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929. - Correspondence, Diaries., Fiction, Lawrence, D. H.  (David Herbert), 1885-1930. - Correspondence, Ledgers (account books), Photographs, Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. - Correspondence, Scrapbooks, Sound recordings, Writings.

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Caresse Crosby Collection represents the largest extant body of Caresse and Harry Crosby's efforts in prose and poetry, printing and publishing, as well as their personal correspondence and assorted memorabilia. Of special interest is material of 20th century authors, such as a bound volume of letters to Harry and Caresse Crosby from D. H. Lawrence, galley proofs of The Bridge by Hart Crane, an extensive body of correspondence from both Kay Boyle and Ezra Pound, and artwork by Henry Miller.

This collection contains all titles published by the Black Sun Press, early Black Sun Press announcements,  news clippings, free-standing volumes, photographs and Caresse Crosby's literary manuscripts,  poems, short stories and plays, Caresse Crosby's art work as well as early typescripts of The Passionate Years, and its unpublished sequel, Who in the World.

The remainder of the collection consists of packages containing scrapbooks and miscellany, oversize materials that include a great deal of original artwork, Caresse Crosby's appointment calendars, inventories of the Crosby library, address books, miscellaneous documents, and several films.  Political materials date from 1948 to her death in 1970.

Biographical Note

Caresse Crosby was born Mary Phelps Jacob on April 30, 1891 in New Rochelle, New York, daughter of a prominent New England family. After a brief marriage to Richard Rogers Peabody, she married Harry Crosby in 1922 and soon after moved to France. In April, 1927, they founded a publishing company soon to become The Black Sun Press. The publications included a Hindu Love Book, The Fall of the House of Usher, and letters by Harry's cousin, Henry James, to Walter Berry. Other contributors to the Black Sun Press included D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Kay Boyle, Ernest Hemingway, Hart Crane, Rene Crevel, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound among others. Caresse wrote a book of poetry, Crosses of Gold, which they also published. In 1928, Harry met Josephine Noyes Rotch with whom he had an ongoing affair. On December 10, 1929, in an apparent suicide pact, Harry and Josephine were found dead in a hotel room. After Harry Crosby's suicide, Caresse kept the Black Sun Press going. She also established, with Jacques Porel, a side venture, Crosby Continental Editions, that published paperback books by Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner and Dorothy Parker, among others. Ahead of her time, her paperback books did not sell well, and the press closed in 1933. The Black Sun Press, however, continued publishing into the 1950s. In 1936 Caresse and her new husband Selbert Saffold moved to Bowling Green, Virginia where she kept company with Salvador Dali, Henry Miller and Anaïs Nin. By 1941, having divorced Saffold, Caresse moved to Washington D.C., where she opened the city's only modern art gallery. She also started Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly, a magazine that sought to continue her work with young and avant-garde writers and artists. She published six editions before she ran out of funds and sponsors. This was her last major publishing effort. She became politically active and founded the organizations Women Against War and Citizens of the World, which embraced the concept of a "world community" which other activists like Buckminster Fuller also supported. In 1953, Caresse published her autobiography, The Passionate Years. She died in relative obscurity from complications from pneumonia in Rome on January 24, 1970, aged 78.

Subject/Index Terms

Black Sun Press.
Crane, Hart, 1899-1932.
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970.
Miller, Henry, 1891-1980

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Accruals: Additions 1970, 1984 and 2018

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Purchased

Related Materials: Caresse Crosby photograph collection, PH 49. For more information please see http://archives.lib.siu.edu/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=3177.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Caresse Crosby Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby: Author and Artist],
[Series 2: Caresse Crosby: Publisher and Patron],
[Series 3: Caresse Crosby: Activist],
[Series 4: Caresse Crosby: Printed Materials, Including Audio-Visual],
[Series 5: Correspondence, unless otherwise noted],
[Series 6: Harry Crosby Physical Objects],
[Series 7: Photocopies of newspaper clippings],
[Series 8: Proposed Black Sun Press Catalogue and Bibliography],
[Series 9: Artwork],
[Item 1: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 2: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 3: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 4: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 5: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 6: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 7: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 8: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 9: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 10: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 11: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 12: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 15: Oversized Material Drawer #15],
[Item 16: Galley proofs of Transition],
[Item 17: Page proof of Black Sun Press bookplate],
[Item 18: Miscellaneous Portfolio leaves and related material],
[Item 19: Credo: The Castle of Roccasinibalda],
[Item 20: Page proofs of Bibliography of the Black Sun Press by Minkoff],
[Item 21: French Communist party posters],
[Package 4: "La Panorama Paris S'amuse"],
[Item 22: Miscellaneous printed ephemera related to the Vatican and Pope Pius XII],
[Package 5: Scrapbook of newsclippings related to Caresse Crosby's Washington galleries],
[Package 6: Scrapbook of Caresse Crosby's political material],
[Package 7: "World Citizen Passport cards of associates, 1606-20th Street, D.C., 1948-"],
[All]

Series 3: Caresse Crosby: ActivistAdd to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 3: 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 5: misc., 1950Add to your cart.
Folder 6: 1951 January-JulyAdd to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1951 August-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: misc., 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 3: circa 1950-1951Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1952 January-MayAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: 1952 June-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Box 12Add to your cart.
Folder 1: misc., 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1953 January-MayAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: 1953 June-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: misc., 1953Add to your cart.
Folder 5: 1954 January-AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: 1954 May-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: misc., 1954Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1955 January-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Box 13Add to your cart.
Folder 1: misc., 1955Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1956 January-MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: 1956 April-AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: 1956 September-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: misc., 1956Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1957 January-AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: 1957 May-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: misc., 1957Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1958, January-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: 1959 January-JuneAdd to your cart.
Box 15Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1959 July-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: misc., 1959Add to your cart.
Folder 3: 1960 January-JulyAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: 1960 August-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: misc., 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 6: 1961 January-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: misc., 1961Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1962 January-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: misc., 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 10: 1963 January-JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: 1963 July-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Folder 1: misc., 1963Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1964 January-JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: 1964 July-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: misc., 1964Add to your cart.
Folder 5: 1965 January-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: misc., 1965Add to your cart.
Folder 7: 1966 January-JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: 1966 July-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: misc., 1966Add to your cart.
Box 17Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1967 January-MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: 1967 April-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: misc., 1967Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1968 January-AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: 1968 May-AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: 1968 September-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Box 18Add to your cart.
Folder 1: misc., 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1969 January-DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: misc., 1969Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1970 January-MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, 1949-1956Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Maniphesto. Greek, 1950sAdd to your cart.
Text in Greek; at end of text: Karesse Krosby, politis tou kosmou, Delphoi, Hellas./ Describes movement for world citizenship./ Probably published in Italy, despite attribution at end of text: Caresse Crosby, citizen of the world, Delphi, Greece./ In 1953 Crosby was prevented by the Greek government from dedicating land at Delphi for a world citizenship center; she leased Roccasinibalda Castle in 1950 and bought it in 1959./ First line: To kinema ton politon tou kosmou einai elevthero kai demokratiko./
Box 19Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, 1957-1958Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, 1959-1964Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, 1966-1969Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, unsortedAdd to your cart.
Box 20Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, unsortedAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, unsortedAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Miscellaneous printed ephemera, unsortedAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Addresses and lecturesAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: NotebooksAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Membership lists with addressesAdd to your cart.
Box 21Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Lists of various organizations, individuals, addresses, etc. (see also pkg. #7)Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Caresse Crosby: Author and Artist],
[Series 2: Caresse Crosby: Publisher and Patron],
[Series 3: Caresse Crosby: Activist],
[Series 4: Caresse Crosby: Printed Materials, Including Audio-Visual],
[Series 5: Correspondence, unless otherwise noted],
[Series 6: Harry Crosby Physical Objects],
[Series 7: Photocopies of newspaper clippings],
[Series 8: Proposed Black Sun Press Catalogue and Bibliography],
[Series 9: Artwork],
[Item 1: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 2: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 3: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 4: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 5: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 6: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 7: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 8: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 9: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 10: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 11: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 12: Harry Crosby Scrapbooks],
[Item 15: Oversized Material Drawer #15],
[Item 16: Galley proofs of Transition],
[Item 17: Page proof of Black Sun Press bookplate],
[Item 18: Miscellaneous Portfolio leaves and related material],
[Item 19: Credo: The Castle of Roccasinibalda],
[Item 20: Page proofs of Bibliography of the Black Sun Press by Minkoff],
[Item 21: French Communist party posters],
[Package 4: "La Panorama Paris S'amuse"],
[Item 22: Miscellaneous printed ephemera related to the Vatican and Pope Pius XII],
[Package 5: Scrapbook of newsclippings related to Caresse Crosby's Washington galleries],
[Package 6: Scrapbook of Caresse Crosby's political material],
[Package 7: "World Citizen Passport cards of associates, 1606-20th Street, D.C., 1948-"],
[All]

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