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Federico L. Barreda Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

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Federico L. Barreda Papers, 1856-1879 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Federico L. Barreda Papers, 1856-1879Add to your cart.

ID: 1/7/MSS 178

Primary Creator: Barreda y Aguilar, Federico Luciano (1827-1883)

Other Creators: Sherman, Frederick Barreda (1892-)

Extent: 8.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Arranged by record type, and then chronologically.

Date Acquired: 00/00/1986

Subjects: Barreda y Aquilar, Federico Luciano, 1827-1883, Peru - History, Peru - Politics and government

Forms of Material: Barreda, Felipe - Correspondence, Barreda, Matilde Laverrerie - Photographs, Barreda y Aquilar, Federico Luciano, 1827-1883 - Correspondence, Barreda y Aquilar, Federico Luciano, 1827-1883 - Photographs, Castilla, Ramon, 1797-1867 - Correspondence, Clippings (information artifacts), Correspondence., Diaries., Ledgers (account books), Photographs, Records (documents), Scrapbooks, Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872 - Correspondence

Languages: English, French, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Federico L. Barreda Papers primarily deal with the lives of Federico and his wife, Matilde. The collection spans the period from the early 1850's through the 1870's and includes over a thousand manuscript letters, letterpress copy books, daybooks (detailed records of receipts and expenditures), ledgers, files of newspaper clippings, a reprinted collection of photographs, and other printed material, including the research notes of Frederick Barreda Sherman on the life and diplomatic career of Federico L. Barreda.

Each week Barreda received personal letters from his president and foreign minister, candidly discussing affairs in Peru.  The correspondence includes letters, to and from Barreda's elder brother, Felipe of Lima (an important influence in Federico's life), United States Secretary of State, William Seward, Don Antonio Pezet, General Ramon Castilla and Colonel Prado (all served as Presidents of Peru), Paz Soldan (Peruvian Minister of Finance), Commander C.R. Jones, Captain Tucker, and E.G. Read (former Confederate naval officers who served in the Peruvian naval defense against Spain), and many other important public figures.

Barreda's official dispatchers and personal letters from Washington to Lima contain keen observations between William Seward and Barreda and their activities.  The correspondence between Barreda and his wife (who often was visiting their mansions in New York and Newport, Rhode Island) paints a vivid picture of "high society".

The photographs of prominent contemporaries depict quite the gamut of aristocracy within Europe and the Americas in the 1850's through the 1870's.

Biographical Note

Federico Luciano Barreda y Aguilar was born in Spain and immigrated to Peru at the age of thirteen. In 1851, with his older brother Felipe, he obtained a lucrative contract to market Peruvian guano in the United States. Federico established an office in Baltimore, Maryland, and purchased property in Newport, and on Madison Avenue in New York. Barreda worked with the Peruvian government as a confidential agent, was an ambassador under Abraham Lincoln, and served as Peru's plenipotentiary in negotiations with the governments of Spain and Russia. From mid-1864 to early 1866, Barreda resided in Europe, and assumed the added roles of Minister to France and Great Britain. Throughout 1866 and 1867, Barreda fought off false accusations of bribery, conspiracy and theft, both from Washington and Peru. Barreda eventually responded to these accusations with his publication, "The Minister of Peru in the United States and his Caluminator," silencing further attacks upon his character. Federico turned to business, negotiating the Peruvian-Chilean joint bonds and speculating railroad stocks and U.S. Treasury Bonds, as well as investigating in the shipping business and securities trading. Following the market crash of 1873 Federico was forced to borrow from his brother, Felipe. The Barredas returned to the United States and settled down in Drum Point, a farm on the tip of the Maryland peninsula. Federico joined in a shipping and trading enterprise throughout Panama and Guatemala and set up offices in San Francisco, where he eventually moved his family. He died in 1883, leaving his wife, Matilde to raise their remaining son and two daughters. Matilde lived to help raise her grandchildren, of which Frederick Barreda Sherman, donor of these papers, was one.

Subject/Index Terms

Barreda y Aquilar, Federico Luciano, 1827-1883
Peru - History
Peru - Politics and government

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Frederick Barreda Sherman

Acquisition Method: Gift.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Federico L. Barreda Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


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Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Letters from FLB to his wife, Matilde, 1860 July-OctoberAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Letters from FLB to his wife, Matilde, 1861 October-NovemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Letters from FLB to his wife, Matilde, 1862 February-MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Letters from FLB to his brother, FelipeAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Letters from Felipe to FLB, 1861 July-1864 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Letters from Felipe to FLB, 1869 January-1872 JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Letters from Felipe to his sister-in-law, Matilde (copies)Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Note introducing Federico L. Barreda to Madame Calderon de la Barca and letters from Federico Barreda's nephewAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Letters from Manuela in Seville to her uncle, Federico, 1862Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Documents regarding shipments of guano from Chincha Islands, 1851-1853Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Documents: safe conduct passes, 1856Add to your cart.

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