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Erwin Piscator papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator

Manuscripts by Maria Piscator

Play and production manuscripts

Financial Records

Educational Records

Publicity Records

Miscellaneous Records

Photographic Records

Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous Publications

Packages

Diaries

Junior Dramatic Workshop


Erwin Piscator papers, 1930-1971 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Erwin Piscator papers, 1930-1971Add to your cart.

ID: 1/3/MSS 031

Primary Creator: Piscator, Erwin (1893-1966)

Extent: 203.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement: Arranged in 11 series including:  1) Correspondence, 2) Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 3) Manuscripts by Maria Piscator, 4) Plays and production manuscripts, 5) Financial records, 6) Educational records, 7) Publicity records, 8) Miscellaneous records, 9) Photographic records, 10) Printed ephemera and miscellaneous publications, and 11) Packages.

Subjects: Ley-Piscator, Maria, 1905-, Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966., Theater - France - 20th century, Theater - Germany - 20th century

Forms of Material: Corporation records., Correspondence., Diaries., Ley-Piscator, Maria, 1905- - Correspondence, Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966. - Correspondence, Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966. - Diaries, Theater programs, Writings.

Languages: English, French, German

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Erwin Piscator papers document Piscator's work during the periods 1936-1951 when he was in France and the United States and 1962-1966 when he was in Germany. The collection contains a large amount of correspondence to and from Erwin Piscator; manuscripts by Erwin and Maria Piscator, as well as various other authors; play and production manuscripts; records of various kinds (financial, educational, publicity, miscellaneous, photographic); and a guide, Classification and Arrangement of Papers, for further details (Microfilm 61).

The manuscript collection includes Erwin Piscator's papers, influenced by and concerning to a great extent the problems and main figures of the international theatre. The collection also includes manuscripts of various authors (1920-1970) which concern theatre matters.

The collection also contains financial records, a large number of educational records from 1940-1961, publicity records (1930-1970), and large number of photographic records as well as printed ephemera and Picastor's diaries  which begin in August 1912 and end approximately in 1917.  The beginning marks the time when Piscator left school (Gymnasium), at which time he was confronted with the question of the choice of a profession.  The diaries end with the time when Piscator served as a soldier in the trenches of Flanders.

There are about 280 loose pages of poems and prose.  These pages had been bound in different copy books but were ripped out later apparently by Piscator himself when he wrote the fair copies.  There are many poems on loose pages which reappear later in one of the diaries.

Biographical Note

Erwin Friedrich Maximilian Piscator (17 December 1893 in Greifenstein-Ulm - 30 March 1966) was a German theatrical director and producer who, with Bertolt Brecht, was the foremost exponent of epic theater, a genre that emphasizes the socio-political context rather than the emotional content or aesthetics of the play.

Piscator worked experimentally in Berlin as a stage director and later as managing director at his own theater (on Nollendorfplatz), he produced social and political plays especially suited to his theories. In 1931 Piscator went to Moscow to make a motion picture for Mezhrabpom, the Soviet film company associated with the International Workers' Relief Organization, but with Hitler's rise to power in 1933, Piscator's stay in the Soviet Union became political asylum. He left the Soviet Union three years later, with the firm belief that he never wanted to work under a communist dictatorship again. In 1937 he married dancer Marie Ley in Paris. Piscator and Ley subsequently emigrated to the United States in 1939. In New York City Piscator became director of the Dramatic Workshop which he founded at the New School for Social Research in 1940. Among Piscator's students at the Dramatic Workshop were Marlon Brando, Tony Curtis, Judith Malina, Walter Matthau, Harry Belafonte, Elaine Stritch and Tennessee Williams. Piscator had to return to West Germany during the McCarthy era in 1951. He was appointed manager and director of the Freie Volksbühne in West-Berlin in 1962. To much international critical acclaim, Piscator premiered the controversial play The Deputy by Rolf Hochhuth "about Pope Pius XII and the allegedly neglected rescue of Italian Jews from Nazi gas chambers" in 1963. Until his death in 1966, Piscator became a major exponent of contemporary and Documentary theatre. Piscator's wife, Maria Ley, died in New York city in 1999.

Subject/Index Terms

Ley-Piscator, Maria, 1905-
Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966.
Theater - France - 20th century
Theater - Germany - 20th century

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Alternate Extent Statement: 97.5 linear feet; 11 packages

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Gift

Related Materials: Microfilm 61 (Map Room) includes a name index for the Piscator correspondence.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Erwin Piscator Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Other Note: MSS 092 and MSS 094, Erwin Piscator diaries were added to original collection in 2009


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 1936 - 1966],
[Series 3: Manuscripts by Maria Piscator, 1927 - 1970],
[Series 4: Play and production manuscripts],
[Series 5: Financial Records, 1934 - 1963],
[Series 6: Educational Records, 1940 - 1964],
[Series 7: Publicity Records, 1930 - 1970],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1938 - 1968],
[Series 9: Photographic Records],
[Series 10: Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 11: Packages],
[Series 12: Diaries],
[Series 13: Junior Dramatic Workshop],
[All]

Series 2: Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 1936 - 1966Add to your cart.
Box 44Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AMs-14 [Theatre project in Engels, Russia], 1936 June 4Add to your cart.
Folder 2: "Tagebuch der Reise Erwin Piscators nach Spanien." AMs-2 [TMs] [Barcelona], 1936 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: "Diktatur und Kunst." TMs-10 [Speech given in Barcelona], 1936 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: "Reise durch Europa." AMs-12 “Aus einer Rede vor Deutschen Schriftstellern in Paris." TMs-7 “Bronnen, Goebbels et Piscator."  TMs-6 [Speeches], 1936 - 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 5: "Das Theater rings um die Welt.  Internationale Probleme des heutigen Theaters." AMs-1, TMs-32 [annotated by EP] [Speeches, Bruxelles, Amsterdam], 1937 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: AMs-2, [TMs] [Bruxelles, Amsterdam], 1937 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: "Expose zu einer neu zu gründenden Tanztruppe." [TMs (annotated by MP)] [Project], 1937 MayAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: "Zum siebzigsten Geburtstag Albert Bassermanns."  TMs-14 [annotated EP] [ca.], 1937 October 4Add to your cart.
Folder 9: AMs-71 [Miscellaneous notes, unit], 1937 January - NovemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: "Rede bei der Vorbesprechung zur Gründung eines jüdischen Theaters in Paris."  TMs-8 [annotated by EP], TMs-23 [Speech], 1936 - 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 11: "Bemerkungen zum lieinen Buch von Erwin Piscator das demnächst erscheinen soll." [TMs] [Book project], 1937 - 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 12: "Festivals de Versailles."  AMs-11, [TMs (annotated by MP)] [Project], 1938 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: "Wer ist Herr Lothar Muethel?" AMs-7, [TMs] [Speech], 1936 - 1938Add to your cart.
Box 45Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AMs-19, [TMs (annotated by EP)], 1939 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: "Der Schrei nach der Kunst." "The cry for Art. Ten Years of European Theatre." "The Theatre Around the World." AMs-26, TMs-21, [AMs] [Book project], 1939 MayAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: AMs-30, [TMs] [Miscellaneous notes], 1936 - 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 4: AMs-45, [TMs (annotated by EP)] [Opening of the DW studio Theatre], 1939 May - 1940 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: [TMs-9] [Written ca. 1938-1939; published in Tomorrow, New York, 1942 February, Vol. 1, No. 6, pp. 14-19, titles "The Theater of the Future," magazine enclosed]Add to your cart.
Folder 6: AMs-31 [Miscellaneous notes], 1940 - 1942Add to your cart.
Folder 7: AMs-44 [Miscellaneous notes, 1943], 1943Add to your cart.
Folder 8: "Heinrich Mann," AMs-22, TMs-13 [annotated by EP] [Speech given at "Feier fuer Heinrich Mann zu seinem 73. Geburtstag,"], 1944 February 6Add to your cart.
Folder 9: "The Theatre in Post-War Europe."  AMs-26, TMs-35 [annotated by EP], AMs by Chouteau Dyer [Speech given at the European American Club, New York], 1944 March 23Add to your cart.
Folder 10: AMs-97 [Diary], 1945 January - MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: "Eva Braun - Drama."  AMs-2, TMs-1, 1945 November 21Add to your cart.
Box 46Add to your cart.
Folder 1: AMs-22 [Diary pages], 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 2: "Some Remarks and Suggestions concerning the re-organization of the German Theater." [Erwin Piscator, Berthold Viertel] TMs-6 [photocopy, annotated by EP], 1947 - 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 3: AMs-30 [Diary pages], 1948 October - 1948 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: AMs-38 [Miscellaneous notes], 1944 - 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 5: "Objective Acting." TMs-27 [annotated by MP and John Gassner], TMs-12 [Published in Actors on Acting, edited by Toby Cole and Helen Chinoy, New York (Crown)], 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 6: AMs-44 [Diary units, concerning the years 1945 and 1949], 1945, 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 7: AMs-21 [Diary pages], 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 8: AMs-17 [Miscellaneous notes], 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 9: AMs, TMs [annotated by EP] [Speeches and lectures given during the forties], 1940sAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: AMs-36 [Diary pages and miscellaneous notes, forties], 1940sAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: AMs-11 [Diary pages and miscellaneous notes, fifties], 1950sAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: "Begruessing." TMs-4 [annotated by EP] [Speech given at the Deutsche Academie der darstekkenden Kuenste d.V., Frankfurt, 1964 October 29Add to your cart.
Folder 13: AMs-53, [TMs-21] [Diary units written in the Starnberg Hospital, transcripts by Aleida Montijn], 1966 MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: AMs-26, TMs-1 [Miscellaneous poems and prose]Add to your cart.
Folder 15: AMs-14 [Miscellaneous notes on Bertolt Brecht and Epic Theatre]Add to your cart.
Folder 16: AMs-23 [Miscellaneous notes on Freie Volksbuehne, Berlin], 1963 - 1965Add to your cart.
Folder 17: AMs-13 [Miscellaneous notes, sixties], 1960sAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: [TMs (annotated by EP)] [Transcripts of diary pages, copies of EP's writings]Add to your cart.
Box 47Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Erwin Piscator-Schriften 2 Aufsaetze, Reden, Gespraeche Berlin (Henschel) 1968 [TMs-94] [Typescript, corrected]Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Erwin Piscator - Schriften 2 [TMs-97] [Continuation]Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Erwin Piscator - Schriften 2 [TMs-82] [Continuation]Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Erwin Piscator - Schriften 2 [TMs-109] [Continuation]Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Erwin Piscator - Schriften 2 [TMs-118] [Continuation]Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 1936 - 1966],
[Series 3: Manuscripts by Maria Piscator, 1927 - 1970],
[Series 4: Play and production manuscripts],
[Series 5: Financial Records, 1934 - 1963],
[Series 6: Educational Records, 1940 - 1964],
[Series 7: Publicity Records, 1930 - 1970],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1938 - 1968],
[Series 9: Photographic Records],
[Series 10: Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 11: Packages],
[Series 12: Diaries],
[Series 13: Junior Dramatic Workshop],
[All]

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