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Erwin Piscator papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Adminstrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator

Manuscripts by Maria Piscator

Play and production manuscripts

Financial Records

Educational Records

Publicity Records

Miscellaneous Records

Photographic Records

Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous Publications

Packages

Diaries

Junior Dramatic Workshop


Erwin Piscator papers, 1930-1971 | Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

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Collection Overview

Title: Erwin Piscator papers, 1930-1971Add to your cart.

ID: 1/3/MSS 031

Primary Creator: Piscator, Erwin (1893-1966)

Extent: 203.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement: Arranged in 11 series including:  1) Correspondence, 2) Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 3) Manuscripts by Maria Piscator, 4) Plays and production manuscripts, 5) Financial records, 6) Educational records, 7) Publicity records, 8) Miscellaneous records, 9) Photographic records, 10) Printed ephemera and miscellaneous publications, and 11) Packages.

Subjects: Ley-Piscator, Maria, 1905-, Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966., Theater - France - 20th century, Theater - Germany - 20th century

Forms of Material: Corporation records., Correspondence., Diaries., Ley-Piscator, Maria, 1905- - Correspondence, Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966. - Correspondence, Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966. - Diaries, Theater programs, Writings.

Languages: English, French, German

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Erwin Piscator papers document Piscator's work during the periods 1936-1951 when he was in France and the United States and 1962-1966 when he was in Germany. The collection contains a large amount of correspondence to and from Erwin Piscator; manuscripts by Erwin and Maria Piscator, as well as various other authors; play and production manuscripts; records of various kinds (financial, educational, publicity, miscellaneous, photographic); and a guide, Classification and Arrangement of Papers, for further details (Microfilm 61).

The manuscript collection includes Erwin Piscator's papers, influenced by and concerning to a great extent the problems and main figures of the international theatre. The collection also includes manuscripts of various authors (1920-1970) which concern theatre matters.

The collection also contains financial records, a large number of educational records from 1940-1961, publicity records (1930-1970), and large number of photographic records as well as printed ephemera and Picastor's diaries  which begin in August 1912 and end approximately in 1917.  The beginning marks the time when Piscator left school (Gymnasium), at which time he was confronted with the question of the choice of a profession.  The diaries end with the time when Piscator served as a soldier in the trenches of Flanders.

There are about 280 loose pages of poems and prose.  These pages had been bound in different copy books but were ripped out later apparently by Piscator himself when he wrote the fair copies.  There are many poems on loose pages which reappear later in one of the diaries.

Biographical Note

Erwin Friedrich Maximilian Piscator (17 December 1893 in Greifenstein-Ulm - 30 March 1966) was a German theatrical director and producer who, with Bertolt Brecht, was the foremost exponent of epic theater, a genre that emphasizes the socio-political context rather than the emotional content or aesthetics of the play.

Piscator worked experimentally in Berlin as a stage director and later as managing director at his own theater (on Nollendorfplatz), he produced social and political plays especially suited to his theories. In 1931 Piscator went to Moscow to make a motion picture for Mezhrabpom, the Soviet film company associated with the International Workers' Relief Organization, but with Hitler's rise to power in 1933, Piscator's stay in the Soviet Union became political asylum. He left the Soviet Union three years later, with the firm belief that he never wanted to work under a communist dictatorship again. In 1937 he married dancer Marie Ley in Paris. Piscator and Ley subsequently emigrated to the United States in 1939. In New York City Piscator became director of the Dramatic Workshop which he founded at the New School for Social Research in 1940. Among Piscator's students at the Dramatic Workshop were Marlon Brando, Tony Curtis, Judith Malina, Walter Matthau, Harry Belafonte, Elaine Stritch and Tennessee Williams. Piscator had to return to West Germany during the McCarthy era in 1951. He was appointed manager and director of the Freie Volksbühne in West-Berlin in 1962. To much international critical acclaim, Piscator premiered the controversial play The Deputy by Rolf Hochhuth "about Pope Pius XII and the allegedly neglected rescue of Italian Jews from Nazi gas chambers" in 1963. Until his death in 1966, Piscator became a major exponent of contemporary and Documentary theatre. Piscator's wife, Maria Ley, died in New York city in 1999.

Subject/Index Terms

Ley-Piscator, Maria, 1905-
Piscator, Erwin, 1893-1966.
Theater - France - 20th century
Theater - Germany - 20th century

Administrative Information

Repository: Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center

Alternate Extent Statement: 97.5 linear feet; 11 packages

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.

Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.

Acquisition Source: Gift

Related Materials: Microfilm 61 (Map Room) includes a name index for the Piscator correspondence.

Preferred Citation: [Item], Erwin Piscator Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.

Other Note: MSS 092 and MSS 094, Erwin Piscator diaries were added to original collection in 2009


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 1936 - 1966],
[Series 3: Manuscripts by Maria Piscator, 1927 - 1970],
[Series 4: Play and production manuscripts],
[Series 5: Financial Records, 1934 - 1963],
[Series 6: Educational Records, 1940 - 1964],
[Series 7: Publicity Records, 1930 - 1970],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1938 - 1968],
[Series 9: Photographic Records],
[Series 10: Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 11: Packages],
[Series 12: Diaries],
[Series 13: Junior Dramatic Workshop],
[All]

Series 10: Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous PublicationsAdd to your cart.
Box 189Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [All the King's Men]Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [American Tragedy] ephemera and miscellaneous publications]Add to your cart.
Folder 3: [Androcles and the Lion]Add to your cart.
Folder 4: [Die Antriden- Tetralogie]Add to your cart.
Folder 5: [Aufstand der Offiziere]Add to your cart.
Folder 6: [Bobino]Add to your cart.
Folder 7: [The Burning Bush]Add to your cart.
Folder 8: [The Case of J. Robert Oppenheimer]Add to your cart.
Folder 9: [Chaff]Add to your cart.
Folder 10: [The Circle of Chalk]Add to your cart.
Folder 11: [The Criminals]Add to your cart.
Folder 12: [D. C. Melody]Add to your cart.
Folder 13: [The Days of Our Youth]Add to your cart.
Folder 14: [The Deputy]Add to your cart.
Folder 15: [Don Carlos]Add to your cart.
Folder 16: [The Flies]Add to your cart.
Box 190Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [Fuhrmann Henschel]Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [Die Grotte]Add to your cart.
Folder 3: [The Investigation]Add to your cart.
Folder 4: [Der Kaufmann von Venedig]Add to your cart.
Folder 5: [King Lear]Add to your cart.
Folder 6: [Kings in Nomania]Add to your cart.
Folder 7: [Nathan the Wise]Add to your cart.
Folder 8: [Nights of Wrath]Add to your cart.
Folder 9: [Pinocchio]Add to your cart.
Folder 10: [Die Raeuber]Add to your cart.
Folder 11: [The Revolt of the Fishermen of St. Barbara]Add to your cart.
Folder 12: [Robespierre]Add to your cart.
Folder 13: [Saint Joan]Add to your cart.
Folder 14: [Totentaz I and II]Add to your cart.
Folder 15: [War and Peace]Add to your cart.
Folder 16: [Wedding in Japan]Add to your cart.
Folder 17: [Winter Soldiers]Add to your cart.
Box 191Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [Miscellaneous productions], 1941 - 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [Productions at the Sayville Play-house, Sayville, NY; summer], 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 3: [Productions at the Chapel Theatre, Great Neck, NY; summer], 1945, 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 4: [Miscellaneous productions], 1945 - 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 5: [Miscellaneous productions], 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 6: [Productions at the Tanglewood Theatre and Martha's Vineyard, Falmouth, Massachusetts; summer], 1948Add to your cart.
Folder 7: [Miscellaneous productions], 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 8: [Productions at the Adirondack Festival of Arts; High School Auditorium and Intervale Stadium, Lake Placid, NY; summer], 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 9: [Miscellaneous productions concerning DW and MP], 1950 - 1964Add to your cart.
Folder 10: [Miscellaneous productions concerning EP], 1951 - 1966Add to your cart.
Folder 11: [EP's work in the twenties and early thirties]Add to your cart.
Folder 12: [MP's dancing career and studies at the Sorbonne; twenties and thirties]Add to your cart.
Folder 13: [EP's work in Barcelona, 1936 December; Bruxelles, Amsterdam], 1937 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: [EP's work in Barcelona, 1936 December; Bruxelles, Amsterdam], 1937 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: [Concerning the Mexico project], 1938 - 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 16: [Concerning the Mexico project, unit], 1939 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: [EP and MP's arrival in the U.S.], 1939 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: [EP and MP's work in Washington, D.C.], 1940Add to your cart.
Box 192Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [EP and MP's work], 1940Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [EP and MP's work], 1941 - 1949Add to your cart.
Folder 3: [EP and MP's work], 1950 - 1951Add to your cart.
Folder 4: [Newspaper advertisements; forties to sixties], 1940s - 1960sAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: [Newspaper advertisements of the Senior Dramatic Workshop under the directorship of Saul Colin], 1960sAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: [Concerning alumni and faculty members of the DW]Add to your cart.
Folder 7: [EP's work in the fifties and sixties], 1950s - 1960sAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: [MP's work in the fifties and sixties], 1950s - 1960sAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: [Obituaries of EP]Add to your cart.
Folder 10: [Tributes to EP]Add to your cart.
Box 193Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [Printed ephemera collected by EP before his death with EP's annotations, underlinings and markings]Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [Published material by EP]Add to your cart.
Folder 3: [Miscellaneous material of some interest]Add to your cart.
Folder 4: [Scrapbook containing clippings and playbills for the New York Repertory Group, Inc.; DW and DWTI]Add to your cart.
Box 194Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [Playbills listing former DW students or faculty members]Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [Playbills of German Theatres in the USA]Add to your cart.
Folder 3: [Playbills of some interest in regard to EP]Add to your cart.
Folder 4: [Miscellaneous German Playbills]Add to your cart.
Folder 5: [Magazines containing articles concerning the New School for Social Research]Add to your cart.
Folder 6: [Miscellaneous Emigrants' publications]Add to your cart.
Box 195Add to your cart.
Folder 1: [Paul Erich Marcus'  publication series, "Pem's Privat-Berichte;" occasionally annotated by EP]Add to your cart.
Folder 2: [Publication series of the People's Theatre in Berlin, Blaetter der freien Volksbuehne Berlin]Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Manuscripts by Erwin Piscator, 1936 - 1966],
[Series 3: Manuscripts by Maria Piscator, 1927 - 1970],
[Series 4: Play and production manuscripts],
[Series 5: Financial Records, 1934 - 1963],
[Series 6: Educational Records, 1940 - 1964],
[Series 7: Publicity Records, 1930 - 1970],
[Series 8: Miscellaneous Records, 1938 - 1968],
[Series 9: Photographic Records],
[Series 10: Printed Ephemera and Miscellaneous Publications],
[Series 11: Packages],
[Series 12: Diaries],
[Series 13: Junior Dramatic Workshop],
[All]

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