Joseph-Victor Garnier correspondence, 1800-1871
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Brief Description:

Letters to a French immigrant, Joseph-Victor Garnier, who was born on February 14, 1767 in St. Pierre, Isle d'Oleron, France and died September 11, 1851, in St. Louis, Missouri. The first 14 letters (1801 - 1805)  find Garnier in New York City, as a "négociant", or wholesale merchant, and are from his sister Anne and her husband, Claude Vincent Polony of Rochefort, France. By August, 1805, Garnier is in "St. Louis, Louisiane", and letters are addressed to him there. In 1812, Garnier marries Marie Sanguinet.  Included is the manuscript copy of the Marriage Contract between Garnier and Sanguinet, signed by several local witnesses as well as the local Notary Public ("Mary Philip Leduc").

The child of that marriage, Harriett Garnier, became the wife of one of St. Louis' notable citizens, the Honorable John Logan, Congressman from 1865-1866, Land Commissioner for Illinois under President Pierce, and Postmaster of St. Louis underPresident Buchanan; and the last several letters, increasingly sparse, are addressed to Logan from his trans-Atlantic cousin, Jules Polony, still in St. Pierre, Isle d'Oleron, still trying to maintain relations with his unresponsive American cousins.

Held at:
Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center
605 Agriculture Dr.
MC 6632
Carbondale, IL 62901
Phone: 618-453-2516
Fax: 618-453-3451
Email: speccoll [at]
Record Series Number: 1/6/MSS 340
Created by: Garnier, Victor Joseph (1767-1851)
Volume: 1.0 Boxes
Acquired: 00/00/2014.
Arrangement: Arranged in chronological order.
Biographical Note for Garnier, Victor Joseph (1767-1851) : Joseph Victor Garnier was born on 14 February 1767 in St. Pierre, Isle of Oleron, Saintonage, France. He married Marie Sanguinet on 30 April 1812 in Old Cathedral Church, St. Louis, Louisiana Territory, now Missouri.  They had three children, Marie, an infant and Harriett.  Garnier died 11 September 1851.
Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.
Subject Index
Missouri - Emigration and immigration - History - 19th century
Saint Louis (Mo.) - Social conditions - 19th century
Genres/Forms of Material
Immigrants - Missouri - Correspondence
Languages of Materials
French [fre]
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Acquisition Notes: Purchased
PreferredCitation: [Item], Joseph-Victor Garnier correspondence, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.