Caresse Crosby photograph collection, 1890-1969
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Brief Description: The Caresse Crosby photograph collection comprises photographs in her personal collection at the time of her death and complements the Caresse Crosby papers, MSS 140. The collection includes images of Caresse Crosby throughout her life, her husband Harry Crosby and other family members, notable writers and artists and other friends and acquaintences, homes and travel, artwork and other illustrative material used in her publishing activities, and World War I photographs and other personal images of Harry Crosby. Crosby's connections with the literary and artistic elite beginning in the 1920s were extensive and the collection includes images of Kay Boyle, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Jean Cocteau, Hart Crane, Salvador Dali, Ernest Hemingway, Pablo Picasso, Ezra Pound, Sam Rosenberg, Angelos Sikelianos, and William Sykes among others. The bulk of the photographs are available online at the URL below.
Held at:
Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center
605 Agriculture Dr.
MC 6632
Carbondale, IL 62901
Phone: 618-453-2516
Fax: 618-453-3451
Email: speccoll [at] lib.siu.edu
Record Series Number: 2/1/PH 49
Created by: Crosby, Caresse (1891-1970)
Volume: 11.0 Boxes
More information is available at http://collections.carli.illinois.edu/cdm4/index_sic_scrcgen.php?CISOROOT=/sic_scrcgen
Arrangement: Organized into three series: (1) Caresse Crosby, (2) Friends of Caresse Crosby, and (3) Harry Crosby
Biographical Note for Crosby, Caresse (1891-1970) : Caresse Crosby was born Mary Phelps Jacob on April 30, 1891 in New Rochelle, New York, daughter of a prominent New England family. After a brief marriage to Richard Rogers Peabody, she married Harry Crosby in 1922 and soon after moved to France. In April, 1927, they founded a publishing company soon to become The Black Sun Press. The publications included a Hindu Love Book, The Fall of the House of Usher, and letters by Harry's cousin, Henry James, to Walter Berry. Other contributors to the Black Sun Press included D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Kay Boyle, Ernest Hemingway, Hart Crane, Rene Crevel, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound among others. Caresse wrote a book of poetry, Crosses of Gold, which they also published. In 1928, Harry met Josephine Noyes Rotch with whom he had an ongoing affair. On December 10, 1929, in an apparent suicide pact, Harry and Josephine were found dead in a hotel room. After Harry Crosby's suicide, Caresse kept the Black Sun Press going. She also established, with Jacques Porel, a side venture, Crosby Continental Editions, that published paperback books by Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner and Dorothy Parker, among others. Ahead of her time, her paperback books did not sell well, and the press closed in 1933. The Black Sun Press, however, continued publishing into the 1950s. In 1936 Caresse and her new husband Selbert Saffold moved to Bowling Green, Virginia where she kept company with Salvador Dali, Henry Miller and Anaïs Nin. By 1941, having divorced Saffold, Caresse moved to Washington D.C., where she opened the city's only modern art gallery. She also started Portfolio: An Intercontinental Quarterly, a magazine that sought to continue her work with young and avant-garde writers and artists. She published six editions before she ran out of funds and sponsors. This was her last major publishing effort. She became politically active and founded the organizations Women Against War and Citizens of the World, which embraced the concept of a "world community" which other activists like Buckminster Fuller also supported. In 1953, Caresse published her autobiography, The Passionate Years. She died in relative obscurity from complications from pneumonia in Rome on January 24, 1970, aged 78.
Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.
Subject Index
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970.
Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929.
World War, 1914-1918
Genres/Forms of Material
Crosby, Caresse, 1892-1970. - Photographs
Crosby, Harry, 1898-1929. - Photographs
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Rights/Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.
Related Materials: Caresse Crosby papers, MSS 140. For more information please see http://archives.lib.siu.edu/index.php?p=collections/controlcard&id=2127.
PreferredCitation: [Item], Caresse Crosby photograph collection, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.