George S. Counts papers, 1907-1974
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Brief Description: The George S. Counts Papers consist of letters to Counts, manuscripts, articles by Counts and other authors, awards Counts received, classroom material, and material relating to organizations in which Counts was active. The collection also includes Russian memorabilia Counts collected during his three trips to the Soviet Union: a diary from his 1929 auto tour, postcards of Russian paintings, Russian newspapers, and Russian printed matter.
Held at:
Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center
605 Agriculture Dr.
MC 6632
Carbondale, IL 62901
Phone: 618-453-2516
Fax: 618-453-3451
Email: speccoll [at]
Record Series Number: 1/2/MSS 134
Created by: Counts, George S. (George Sylvester), (1889-1974.)
Volume: 14.0 Boxes
Acquired: 00/00/1978.
Arrangement: Arranged in thirteen series: (1) Biographical mattter, (2) Correspondence (1907-1974), (3) Speeches, (4) Manuscripts, (5) Classroom materials, (6) Russian memorabilia, (7) Conference material, (8) Printed materials by Counts, (9) Printed materials by others, (10) Awards, (11) Newspaper clippings, (12) Miscellaneous, (13) Standing volumes.
Biographical Note for Counts, George S. (George Sylvester), (1889-1974.) :

George Sylvester Counts was born on a farm near Baldwin City, Kansas, on December 9, 1889.  His BA from Baker University (1911) in classical studies included the study of history, philosophy, and the natural sciences.  He then taught for two years in two high schools in Kansas and in 1913 went to the University of Chicago (1913-1916) where he was awarded a Ph.D. magna cum laude, in education and social sciences.  Thereafter, he embarked upon a teaching career that took him to various American colleges and universities including Yale University, the University of Chicago, and Teachers College, Columbia University (1927-1955).  Upon his retirement from Columbia, he taught at the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Colorado, Michigan State University, Northwestern University, and finally came to Southern Illinois University as Visiting Distinguished Professor in the College of Education (1962-1974).

George S. Counts wrote numerous books, monographs, and hundreds of articles on education and social affairs.  The New Russian Primer (1931) was selected by the Book of the Month Club and The Challenge of Soviet Education, was given the Liberty and Justice Award by the American Library Association, "adjudged the most distinguished book of 1957 in contemporary problems and affairs."  Some of his other books include The Principles of Education (1924), The Soviet Challenge to America (1931), A Ford Crosses Soviet Russia (1931), The Social Foundation of Education (1934), The Prospects of American Democracy (1938), The Country of the Blind (1949), Education and American Civilization (1952), and Education and the Foundations of Human Freedom (1963).  These books reflected his concern for the problems of the relation of education to society and civilization.  Counts was active in several professional and political organizations such as the American Federation of Teachers (President, 1939-1942); the American Liberal Party of New York State; the American Historical Association, where he became a close colleague of Charles A. Beard; the National Academy of Education; and the American Civil Liberties Union.

George Counts died on November 10, 1974, in Belleville, Illinois.

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.
Subject Index
Counts, George S. (George Sylvester), 1889-1974.
Russia - Description and travel
Genres/Forms of Material
Counts, George S. (George Sylvester), 1889-1974. - Correspondence
Counts, George S. (George Sylvester), 1889-1974. - Manuscripts
Manuscripts for publication.
Records (documents)
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Russian [rus]
Rights/Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole, or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.
Acquisition Notes: Gift
PreferredCitation: [Item], George S. Counts papers, Special Collections Resarch Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.