Francisco Vázquez Goméz Papers, 1906-1940
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Brief Description:

The  Francisco Vá¡zquez Goméz collection was donated to the university by his son, Ignacio Goméz Norma.  It contains approximately 10,000 items spanning the life of Francisco Vázquez Goméz (1860-1933), a key political figure in the Mexican Revolution.  About half of the collection pertains to the revolutionary events of 1911.  Much of the collection consists of newspaper headlines (both English and Spanish) that follow the political maneuvers of the Anti-Reelectionist party, the group which eventually toppled the Mexican dictator Porfirio Diaz from power.  Correspondence between the key players within the revolution and counter-revolution compromise the rest of the collection, which is arranged chronologically.

The collection includes many prominent figures in the revolution, such as Francisco I. Madero, Toribio Esquivel Obregan, Juan Sanchez Azcona, Francisco de la Barra, General Pascual Orozco, and Victoriano Huerta.  There are documents detailing the Diaz cabinet activities before and during the revolution, which illuminate the role of Josa Limantour, Diaz' influential economic Minister.  There are commentaries on Maderoa's revolutionary call to arms, the Plan San Luis Potosi, written in prison and released to the world while organizing a junta in San Antonio, Texas.

The Francisco Vázquez Goméz collection continues through the first decades of the century and documents the development of Mexican political history.  The end of the collection revisits the early career of Francisco Vázquez Goméz , as well as federal telegraph reprints of war communiques between Madero and de la Barra.  The last three boxes contain research material about the Mexican revolution from Mexican scholars, including some of Ignacio Vázquez Goméz Norma's working papers and notes about the collection itself.

Held at:
Southern Illinois University Special Collections Research Center
605 Agriculture Dr.
MC 6632
Carbondale, IL 62901
Phone: 618-453-2516
Fax: 618-453-3451
Email: speccoll [at]
Record Series Number: 1/7/MSS 101
Created by: Vazquez Gomez , Francisco (1860-1933)
Volume: 53.0 Boxes
Arrangement: This collection is arranged chronologically and by type.
Biographical Note for Vazquez Gomez , Francisco (1860-1933) :

Francisco Vázquez Goméz (23 September 1860-16 August 1933) served as personal physician to Mexican president Porfirio Diaz, as Minister of Public Instruction to President Francisco Lean de la Barra and as a running mate to Francisco I. Madero during the 1910 presidential elections. Prior to this Vázquez Goméz had been a supporter of Bernardo Reyes, another presidential hopeful with strong ties to Diaz' regime.

Francisco Vázquez Goméz was born in Tula, Tamaulipas, into a rich Amerindian family. He studied Medicine in Mexico City and worked as a phyisician in Jalapa before returning to serve as the personal physician to long-time serving President Diaz. In 1909 he joined his brother Emilio in the anti-reelectionist movement but refused to join a national call to arms after the government illegally imprisoned former presidential candidate Francisco I. Madero, with whom he campaigned on a narrow, pro free-market and democratic government.

After a short voluntary exile in El Paso, Texas, he returned to Mexico to assume the Ministry of Public Instruction in the presidential cabinet of Francisco Lean de la Barra.

Access Restrictions: Unrestricted access.
Subject Index
Barra, Francisco L. de la (Francisco León), 1863-1939
Diaz, Porfirio, 1830-1915.
Esquivel Obregón, Toribio, 1864-1946
Gómez, Ignacio, 1813-1879
Huerta, Victoriano, 1845-1916.
Limantour, José Yves, 1854-1935
Madero, Francisco I., 1873-1913.
Mexican War, 1846-1848.
Orozco, Pascual, 1882-1915.
San Antonio (Tex.)
Sánchez Azcona, Juan, 1876-1938
Vázquez Gómez, Francisco, 1860-1933
Genres/Forms of Material
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Spanish;Castilian [spa]
Rights/Use Restrictions: To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the World Wide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult Special Collections Research Center to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original.
Acquisition Notes: Donation.
PreferredCitation: [Item], Francisco Vázquez Goméz Papers, Special Collections Research Center, Southern Illinois University Carbondale.